• The vegetable kingdom
• Impact of international agreements on NWFPS
• Which genetic improvement for NWFPs?
• Non-wood products: not only from natural forests
• Surfing with NWFPs
NEWS AND NOTES
• Bamboo on E-mail
• Bamboo/rattan socio-economic database in Indonesia
• Bamboo in Zhejiang Province in China
• Australian Bamboo Network
• Clean water with Moringa seeds
• Starch from palm
• Marketing of NWFPs in Canada
• Support for NWFP production to Chinese farmers
• Certification of NWFPs in Brazil
• Dammar mata kucing agroforestry in Sumatra
• Collection of NWFPs in Kerala
• Rainstick trade
• New fruits from the Amazon rain forest
• Juice from cashew apple in Viet Nam
• Non-timber forest products research in Guyana
• NTFP network in the Philippines
• NWFP programme in Central Africa
• The National Research Centre for Agroforestry (NRCAF)
• Community Development Association
• Green gold: ginseng in Virginia
• Drugs from bugs
• Bioprospecting or "biopiracy"?
• Fiji works to regulate bioprospecting
PRODUCTS AND MARKETS
• Cacay or Orinoco nut
• Yicib nut
• Argan nut
• Olibanum, myrrh, opopanax
• Costa Rica
• Islamic Republic of Iran
• São Tome and Principe
• South Pacific Islands
• Syrian Arab Republic
• United Republic of Tanzania
• Viet Nam
• NWFPs and buffer zone management in Thailand
• Los PFNM y el manejo de zonas de amortiguamiento del Ecuador
• Wildlife exploitation for bushmeat in Equatorial Guinea
• Soft management options for wildlife
• Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
• Cooperative Research Network on Nuts
• Centre for Economic Botany, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
• Appropriate Technology International (ATI)
• Asia Network for Small-scale Agricultural Bioresources (ANSAB)
• The International Network for Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR)
• International Center for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF)
• Center for Tropical Forest Science (CTFS)
• Trade Records and Analysis of Flora and Fauna in Commerce (TRAFFIC)
• Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
PUBLICATIONS OF INTEREST
Non-Wood News 3
AN INFORMATION BULLETIN ON NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS
Non-wood forest products mean different things to different people: products for subsistence to tide over distress periods; minor products for local use; valuable sources of medicines and food additives; genetic materials for human survival; a store of biochemical diversity; the base of sophisticated consumer products such as cosmetics, flavours and fragrances; and the core of sustainable forestry. In these perceptions there is an underlying attribute: these products are potentially useful.
The products result from a physical process carried out to transform inputs of goods and services into outputs of other goods and services. Market values of products are determined by the interaction of supply and demand. The less obvious but equally important non-market values are often not quantified (since they are enjoyed by society as a whole and not apportioned by individual use), even though theoretically they should appear in intersectoral transactions in national accounts.
A system of prices or attributable values will only be as good as the information on which it is based. For individual non-wood forest products the information needs to cover the nature and extent of the resources, the technology and costs involved in management and harvesting, the quality attributes of products and processing details, sustainable availability, and the uses and advantages in comparison with substitutes. Sustainable utilization of non-wood forest products as a group of goods and services can be promoted effectively only with adequate, specific and relevant information. The information available - indigenous, traditional or modern - is mostly scattered and adequate efforts have not been made to consolidate and validate it. Dissemination of information is also insufficient. This calls for enormous and cooperative efforts by all concerned.
As an initial step FAO proposes to prepare a compendium of information on goods and services (products) and on information sources, both national and international. We would greatly appreciate it if readers could provide us with any information they have. This, in due course, will be processed, with an acknowledgement to the contributor, and will be distributed to all those interested in the subject.
NON-WOOD NEWS is compiled by C. Chandrasekharan and L. Russo, Wood and Non-wood Products Utilization Branch (FOPW) of the FAO forest Products Division. Assistance is provided by Tina Etherington, FOPW.
If you have any material that could be included in the next issue of Non-Wood News for the benefit of other readers, kindly send it, before 30 September 1996, to:
NON-WOOD NEWS - FOPW
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
00100 Rome, Italy
E-mail: [email protected]
home page: www.fao.org
The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Non-wood forest products (NWFP) are goods of biological origin other than wood, derived from forests, other wooded land and trees outside forests. Non-timber forest products (NTFP), another term frequently used to cover this vast array of animal and plant products, also includes small wood and fuelwood. However, these two terms are used synonymously throughout this bulletin. Other terms, such as “minor”, “secondary” or “speciality” forest products, are sometimes used to keep original names and/or titles.