Previous Page Table of Contents


These guidelines have been produced to support the implementation of Article 7 of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, with some reference to Article 12. They are addressed primarily to decision-makers within fisheries management authorities and other interest groups, including fishing companies, fishers' organizations and concerned non-governmental organizations. The guidelines provide background regarding the need for fisheries management and an introduction to the activities it encompasses. The publication introduces the major constraints - biological, environmental, technological, socio-cultural and economic - experienced in fisheries management. Information is fundamental to responsible fisheries management. The guidelines emphasize the range of data required for informed decision-making and examine aspects of the collection and interpretation of the data. Three suggested scales in fisheries management are discussed: fisheries policy and development planning, formulation of management plans and implementation of management action. The range of possible management actions is outlined, including technical measures such as gear restriction and more direct approaches such as direct catch or effort limitation. The problems associated with open-access fisheries are explained along with means of limiting access and obstacles that may be encountered. The final section examines the management process, covering the process of agreeing on a management plan for a fishery, the need for consultation and, where appropriate, cooperative decision-making. The need for periodic review of management plans and the importance of an effective legal framework, institutional and administrative structures and monitoring, control and surveillance are stressed.

Previous Page Top of Page