ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF FISH RESOURCES
IN THE BLACK SEA
AND THEIR RATIONAL EXPLOITATION


Table of Contents


STUDIES AND REVIEWS No. 68
General Fisheries Council for the Mediterranean

by

Kamen Prodanov, Ph.D.
Institute of Oceanology-Varna,
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences

Konstantin Mikhailov
Institute of Fisheries-Varna, Bulgaria
Georgy Daskalov
Institute of Fisheries-Varna, Bulgaria
Constantin Maxim, Ph.D.
Institutul Roman de Cercetari Marine-Constanta,
Romania
Alexander Chashchin, Ph.D.
YugNIRO-Kertch, Ukraine
Alexander-Arkhipov, Ph.D.
YugNIRO-Kertch, Ukraine
Vladislav Shlyakhov, Ph.D.
YugNIRO-Kertch, Ukraine
Emin Ozdamar, Ph.D.
Ondokus Mayis University
Faculty of Fisheries-Sinop, Turkey

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 1997

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

M-43
ISBN 92-5-103983-6

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Applications for such permission, with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction, should be addressed to the Director, Information Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.

FAO 1997

This electronic document has been scanned using optical character recognition (OCR) software and careful manuel recorrection. Even if the quality of digitalisation is high, the FAO declines all responsibility for any discrepancies that may exist between the present document and its original printed version.

Prodanov, K.; Mikhailov, K.; Daskalov, G.; Maxim, C.; Chashchin, A.; Arkhipov, A.; Shlyakhov, V.; Ozdamar, E. Environmental management of fish resources in the Black Sea and their rational exploitation. Studies and Reviews. General Fisheries Council for the Mediterranean. No. 68. Rome, FAO. 1997. 178p.

ABSTRACT

After a short introduction describing the environmental status of the Black Sea, information is presented on the marine algae, and the phytoplankton and zooplankton, including the events following the introduction of the predatory ctenophore, Mnemiopsis leydei. The existing historical information available on the resources of more than 14 commercial fish in the Black Sea is summarized, and placed in context with information on the marine environment together with an evaluation of the impact of environment changes.


TABLE OF CONTENTS


COVERpdf

PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENTpdf

I. INTRODUCTIONpdf

II. ENVIRONMENTpdf

III. STOCK ASSESSMENT OF COMMERCIAL FISH SPECIES IN THE BLACK SEApdf

Spiny Dogfish, Squalus acanthias Linnaeuspdf
Sturgeons, Family Acipenseridaepdf
Black Sea Shad, Alosa kessleri pontica Eichwaldpdf
Black Sea Anchovy, Engraulis encrasicolus ponticus Aleksandrovpdf
Black Sea Sprat, Sprattus sprattus phalaericus Rissopdf
Black Sea Horse Mackerel, Trachurus mediterraneus ponticus Aleev pdf
Black Sea Whiting, Merlangius merlangus euxinus Nordmannpdf
Black Sea Turbot, Psetta maeotica Pallas pdf
Black Sea Mackerel, Scomber scombrus Linnaeus pdf
Bonito, Sarda sarda Linnaeus pdf
Bluefish, Pomatomus saltator Linnaeuspdf
Mullets, Family Mugilidae pdf
Golden Mullet, Lisa aurata Rissopdf
Grey Mullet, Mugil cephalus Linnaeus pdf
Leaping Grey Mullet, Lisa saliens Risso pdf
Sting-ray, Dasyatis pastinaca Linnaeuspdf
Thornback-ray, Raja clavata Linnaeus pdf
Striped Mullet, Mullus barbatus ponticus Essipovpdf

IV.ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ON THE FISH RESOURCES IN THE BLACK SEApdf

V. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT OF FISH RESOURCES IN THE BLACK SEA AND THEIR RATIONAL EXPLOITATIONpdf

VI. REFERENCESpdf

APPENDIXpdf

GFCM STUDIES AND REVIEWS ISSUEDpdf