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Guidelines for authors


Unasylva is an international journal of forestry and forest industries, produced quarterly in separate English. French and Spanish editions, Unasylva covers all aspects of forestry: policy and planning: conservation and management of forest-based plants and animals: rural socio-economic development: species improvement: industrial development: international trade: and environmental considerations, including the role of forests and trees in maintaining a sustainable base for agricultural production at the micro and macro levels as well as the effects of environmental change on forestry.

Articles submitted should he of interest to the broadest possible cross-section of Unasylva's readership, which represents the following groups:

· government officials, particularly in national forest services and the administrative structures responsible for overall agricultural and rural development. This category also includes representatives of the United Nations and its specialized agencies as well as staff of government organizations dealing with forestry:

· non-governmental organizations dealing with forestry at local, national or international levels:

· forestry school and institutes, including their library users and staff members:

· industrial forestry operators, both government and private:

· individual professional foresters, especially those concerned with international forestry.


Unasylva prefers to publish original articles written specifically for the journal, as opposed to papers prepared for presentation or publication elsewhere. The journal occasionally accepts previously published articles if they are judged to be of particular value and have had only limited distribution. All papers should he submitted with the understanding that they will he edited to bring them in line with the overall style of the journal.

Unsolicited manuscripts may be accepted, but authors are encouraged first to submit proposals rather than finished articles. When this procedure is followed, articles tend (o he more in accordance with the editorial plans of the journal and efficiency is gained in terms of writing and editing time.

When editing articles accepted for publication. Unasylva will attempt to maintain the style and point of view of the authors). Wherever possible, the author(s) will he consulted with respect to major changes. However. Unasylva reserves the right to edit all copy as deemed appropriate.

Copy specifications

Articles maybe submitted in English. French or Spanish and should be between 2 000 and 4 000 words in length. However, shorter or longer articles may be considered or specifically requested in certain cases. Text should be submitted in electronic format, either on diskette or as an e-mail file attachment. In all cases, the word processing program used should he indicated.

The first page of the article should he 11 title page, providing the full name, title and contact address (including telephone, fax and e-mail if available) of the author(s) and including a brief abstract or summary of the article. Subsequent pages should he numbered sequentially.

Illustrative material

Authors are encouraged to provide supporting illustrative material with manuscripts. Tables. Graphs, maps and drawings should he separate from the body of the text, with the point of reference indicated in the text. From the point of view of presentation, graphs are preferred to tables. Authors should provide precise data for the possible re-elaboration of graphs, which should he sent in electronic form. The program in which any graphs or maps are submitted should he indicated.

Photographs are printed in black and white: however, original may be submitted either as black-and-white or colour prints, negatives, transparencies or electronic files. Original material will he returned on request.


Articles should he written in plain, concise language and in a style that inaccessible and interesting to forestry professionals in general, and not only to specialists in the topic concerned. Jargon should be avoided and technical terms that may he unfamiliar to readers should he defined the first time they appear. Footnotes should he avoided us far as possible.

Measurement and currency

All measurements should be given in the metric system. When monetary data are mentioned, a conversion to US dollars should be included, based on the current rate at the time the article is submitted.

Abbreviations and scientific names

Abbreviations and acronyms should be defined the first time they are used: for example, the International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF). Scientific names and words in languages other than that of the text should be in italics.


Articles should be accompanied by appropriate bibliographies. The name of the author(s) and date of publication should be indicated at appropriate points in the text(e.g. Franklin and Forman. 1987). With the full reference given in a separate list at the end of the article.

· Example of reference to an article in a periodical:
Franklin, J. & Forman, R. 1987. Creating landscape patterns by forest cutting: ecological consequences and principles. Landscape Ecology. 1(1): 5-11.

· Example of reference to a monograph:
Viana, V., Ervin, J., Donovan, R., Elliott, C. & Gholz, H. 1996. Certification of forest products: issues and perspectives. Washington. DC. Island Press.

In the text, this second reference would he cited as: Viana et al., 1996. Note: The term et al., is only used in the text when there are four or more authors to be listed. It should never he used in the bibliography where, instead, all authors must be named.

· Example of reference to an Internet document:
Burk, T.E. & Lime, S. D. 1995. Distributing tactical forest planning information via the Internet. In Proc. IUFRO Workshop on Internet Applications and Electronic Information Resources in Forestry and Enviromental Sciences. (available at

· Example of reference to both a printed and Internet document:
ESRI. 1995. Arc View shapefile technical description. ESRI White Paper Series. September 1995. 14pp. (also available at www.gis.umn.cdu/fornet/docs/MapServer/av_shape.pdf)

· Often it is sufficient to give the Internet address in the text, e.g. "Of particular interest are the Web sites for "ecotourism", game parks and adventure tours in areas of southern Africa where rural tourism is a growing industry (c.f. Welcome to Zimbabwe: Africa Tour Net - available at www.wn.apc.ory/mediatech/tourism/ index/htm)."

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