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Part 1. General reading

Ahlgren, G.H. 1956. Forage Crops. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Bogdan, A.V. 1977. Tropical Pasture and Fodder Legumes. London: Longmans.

Fairey, D.T., & Hampton, J.G. 1997. Forage Seed Production of Temperate Species. Farnham Royal: CAB

FAO. 1993. Tropical feeds: feed information and nutritive values. Prepared by B. Göhl. (FAO Animal Production and Health Series, No. 12.) Rome: FAO.

Frame, J., Charlton, J.F.L., & Laidlaw, A.S. 1998. Temperate Forage Legumes. Wallingford: CAB Interational.

Frame, J. 1992. Improved Grassland Management. Ipswich: Farming Press.

Hacker, J.B. (ed) 1981. Nutritional Limits to Animal Production from Pasture. Farnham Royal: CAB.

Hanson, A.A., Barnes, D.K., & Hill, R.R. (eds) 1988. Alfalfa and Alfalfa Management. Agronomy Monographs, No. 29. CSSA/ASSA/SSSA, Madison, Wisconsin.

Hanson, C.H. (ed) No date. Alfalfa Science and Technology. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin.

Hitchcock, A.S., & Chase, A. 1971. Manual of Grasses of the United States. USDA.

Holmes, W. (ed) 1989. Grass, its production and utilisation. Oxford & London: Blackwell.

Jones, M.B. & Lazenby, A. 1988. The Grass Crop. London: Chapman & Hall.

McDonald, P., Edwards, R.A., Grenhalgh, J.F.D., & Morgan, C.A. 1995. Animal Nutrition. London: Longmans.

Raymond, F., Redman, P., & Waltham, R. 1986. Forage conservation and Feeding. Ipswich: Farming Press.

Skerman, P.J., & Riveros, F. 1989. Tropical Grasses. Rome: FAO.

Skerman, P.J., Cameron, D.G., & Riveros, F. 1988 Tropical Forage Legumes. Rome: FAO.

Snaydon, R.W. 1987. Managed Grasslands. Amsterdam & London: Elsevier.

Walton, P.D. 1982 Production and Management of Cultivated Fodders. Reston, VA: Reston Publishing.

Whyte, R.O., Nillson-Leissner, G., & Trumble, H.C. 1953. Legumes in Agriculture. Rome: FAO.

Whyte, R.O, Moir, T.R.G., & Cooper, J.P. 1959. Grasses in Agriculture. Rome: FAO.

Part 2. References cited in text

ASA [Agricultural Survey of Afghanistan]. 1993. Farming systems in Afghanistan, Summary Fifteenth report, Part VIII.

Alemayehu Mengistu (ed.) 1983-1990. Forage Network Newsletter. Forage network in Ethiopia, 1883-1990. Nos 1-23. Addis Ababa: Ministry of Agriculture, and ILCA.

Alemayehu Mengistu. 1997. Conservation-based forage development for Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: Berhanena Selam Printing Enterprise.

Barker, T.J., Yackout, H., Creek, M.J., Hathout, M., & El Nouby, H. 1987. Egypt: cattle feeding - transfer of feeding system from the research phase to the farmer. World Animal Review, No. 61.

Barker, T.J., & Rahmani. 1994. Village survey II - Livestock production, Animal Health and Livestock Production Programme in Afghanistan. Field Document of FAO/UNDP Project AFG/93/004.

Batuta, Ibn. 14th C. Voyages-II De la Mecque aux steppes russes. Translated by C. Defremery & B.R. Sanguinetti (1858). Publ. 1982 by François Maspero, Paris.

Behnke, R., & Abel, N. 1996. Revisited: The overstocking controversy in tropical Africa. World Animal Review, 1996/2.

Bhatti, M.B., & Sartaj Khan (eds) 1996. Fodder Production in Pakistan. Pakistan Agricultural Research Council and FAO, Islamabad.

Bogdan, A.V. 1977. Tropical Pasture and Fodder Legumes. London: Longmans.

Bouy, M., & Dasniere, J. 1994. Typologies des villages et pratiques d'élevage dans le Badakshan (nord-est de l'Afghanistan). Revue Élev. Méd. Vét. Pays. Trop. 47(2): 245-256.

Bredon, R.M., Stewart, P.G., & Dugmore, T.J. 1987. A manual on the nutritive value and chemical composition of commonly used South African farm feeds. Department of Agriculture and Water Supply [of South Africa].

Brown, D. 1954. Methods of surveying and measuring vegetation. CAB.

Butterworth, M.H. 1967. The digestibility of tropical grasses. Nut. Abs. Rev., 37: 349-365.

Butterworth, M.H. 1985. Beef cattle nutrition and tropical pasture. London: Longman.

Centlivres, P., & Centlivres-Demont, M. 1977. Chemins d'été, Chemins d'hiver entre Darwaz et Qataghan. Afghanistan Journal, 4(4): 155-163.

Clark, B., & McDonald, P.J. 1977. The drying pattern of grass swaths in the field. Journal of the British Grassland Society, 32: 77-81.

Creek, M.J., Barker, T.J., & Hargus, W.A. 1984. The development of a new technology in an ancient land. World Animal Review, No. 51.

Department of Agriculture. 1995. Dairying in Kwa-Zulu. Department of Agriculture [of South Africa].

Dickinson, J.O., & King, R.R. 1978. The transfer of pyrrolizidine alkaloids from Senecio jacobaea into the milk of lactating cows and goats. in R.F. Keele, K.R. van Kampen and L.F. James (eds) Effects of poisonous plants on livestock. New York, NY: Academic Press.

Dolberg, F. 1995. Feeding Animals on Straw. FAO Better Farming Series, No. 43.

Doorenbos, J., & Pruitt, W.O. 1984. Crop Water Requirements. FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper, 24.

Dost, M. 1996. Improving fodder in small-scale farm livestock production in Northern Pakistan. World Animal Review, 1996/2.

Edelberg L., & Jones, S. 1979. Nuristan. Graz: Akademische Druck-und Verlagsanstalt.

Fairbrother, T.E. 1991. Flowering of berseem clover types in response to vernalisation. Crop Science, 31: 645-648.

Faliu, L., Puyt, J-D., & Jean-Blain, C. 1985. Intoxication végétale: Galega officinalis. [Ecole Nat. Vet. Toulouse] Point Vétérinaire, 17(91).

FAO. 1969. Farm implements for arid and tropical regions. Prepared by H.J. Hopfen. FAO Agricultural Series, No. 13.

FAO. 1987. Agroclimatological data. Plant Production and Protection Series, No. 25.

FAO. 1989. Tropical Grasses. Prepared by P.J Skerman, & F. Riveros. Rome: FAO.

FAO. 1988 Tropical Forage Legumes. Prepared by P.J. Skerman, D.G. Cameron, & F. Riveros. Rome: FAO.

FAO. 1993. Tropical feeds: feed information and nutritive values. Prepared by B. Göhl. (FAO Animal Production and Health Series, No. 12.) Rome: FAO.

FAO. 1995a. Pasture-cattle-coconut systems. Prepared by S.G. Reynolds. FAO Rome & Bangkok.

FAO. 1995b. The Yak. Prepared by Cai Li and G. Weiner. Field document of FAO/Government of Japan project GCP/RAS/144/JPN, Conservation and use of animal genetic resouces in Asia and the Pacific. FAO, Bangkok. 248p.

FAO. 1995c.Feeding animals on straw. Prepared by F. Dolberg. In: Better Farming Series (FAO) no. 3, published as FAO Economic and Social Development Series, no. 43. 30p.

Fenton, A. 1980 The Traditional Pastoral Economy. pp 93-113, in: M.L. Parry and T.R. Slater (eds) The Making of the Scottish Countryside. London: Croom Helm.

Fitzherbert, A.R. 1985. Understanding and promoting range management by herders in eastern Turkey. ODI Pastoral Development Network, London.

Frame, J., Charlton, J.F.L., & Laidlaw, A.S. 1998. Temperate Forage Legumes. Wallingford: CAB Interational.

Garcia Guillen, E.G. 1996. Manual de Pastos en Nicaragua. Managua, Nicaragua.

Gill, R.S, Gupta, S.C., Chander, S., & Negi, S.S. 1967. Vagaries in the feeding of cattle and buffaloes in the Kangra district: a survey. Journal of Research, 7(4): 80-85.

Gill, R.S., Rana, N.D., & Negi, S.S. 1970. Studies on the optimum stage of harvesting of Kharif grasses for hay-making in Kangra district. Journal of Research, 7(4): 511-443.

Grötzbach, E. 1990. Afghanistan. Wissenschaftliche Länderkunde Bd. 37. Damstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.

Habit, M.A., & Saavedra, J.C. (eds) 1988. The Current State of Knowledge on Prosopis juliflora. Proc. Intl. Conf. on Prosopis. Recife, Brazil, 25-29 August 1986. FAO Plant Production and Protection Division, Rome, on behalf of Ministry of Agriculture, Brazil; Pernambuco Agriculture Secretariat; International Prosopis Association.

Halimi, M. 1995. Village survey - Livestock production, and Animal Health Programme in Afghanistan. Field Document of FAO/UNDP Project AFG/93/004.

Hanjra, S.H. 1996. Year-round fodder production and utilization in small-scale farm dairy livestock system in the irrigated northern Punjab. pp 85-93, in: M.B. Bhatti & Sartaj Khan (eds) Fodder Production in Pakistan. Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, and FAO, Islamabad.

Hodgson, J. (ed) 1981. Sward Measurement Handbook. British Grassland Society.

Hopfen, H.J. 1969. Farm Implements for Arid and Tropical Countries. FAO Agriculture Series, No. 13.

IEMVT. 1992. Les réserves fourragères I. Le Foin Ressources Alimentaires, Fiche No 3. Ministère de la Coopération et du Développement, Paris.

Ivins, J.D. (ed) 1959. The measurement of Grassland Productivity. London: Butterworth.

Jennings, J.A., & Nelson, C.J. 1998. Importance of soil texture on alfalfa autotoxicity. Agronomy Journal, 90: 54-58.

Jones, L., & Harris, C.E. 1979. Plant and swath limits to drying. pp 53-60, in: G. Thomas (ed) Forage Conservation in the 80s. British Grassland Society Occasional Publication No. 11.

Kay, M. 1986. Surface Irrigation, systems and practices. Bedford: Cranfield Press.

Kernick, M.D. 1978. Hedysarum spp. pp 597-619, in: Ecological Management of Arid and Semi-arid Rangelands in Africa and the Middle East. Technical data sheet No. 25. FAO, Rome.

Knight, W.E. 1985. Registration of Bigbee clover. Crop Science, 25: 571-572.

Koranne, K.D., & Singh, J.P. 1990. Forage production for hay in the Kumaon Himalaya. in: Proc. Internat. Symp. on Water Erosion.

Kotru, R. 1997. Features of soils and grass production in Changar. Indo German Eco-Development Project, Palampur.

Li-Menglin, Yuang Bo-Hua & Suttie, J.M. 1996. Winter feed for transhumant livestock in China: the Altay Experience. World Animal Review, 87: 38-44.

Lloveras, J., & Isabel Iglesias. 1998. Accumulation of dry matter and evolution of nutritive value in Serradella (Ornithopus sativus Brot.) Agronomy Journal, 90: 59-63.

McArthur, I.D. 1980. Pre-lambing supplementation of Gadic ewes in western Afghanistan. Journal of Agricultural Science, 95(1): 39-45.

Marble, V.L. 1989. Fodders for the Near East: Alfalfa. FAO, Rome.

t'Mannetje, L.H. (ed) 1978. Measurement of Grassland Vegetation and Animal Production. CAB. t'Mannetje, L.H. 1981. Problems of animal production from tropical pastures. pp 67-79, in: J.B. Hacker (ed) Nutritional Limits to animal production from pasture. Farnham Royal: CAB.

Martinello, P., & Ciola, A. 1996. The effects of agronomic practices on seed and forage production in perennial legumes sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.) and French honeysuckle (Hedysarum coronarium L.). In: G. Parente, J. Frame, & S. Orsi (eds) Grassland and Land Use Systems. British Grassland Society.

Misri, B. 1993. Pastures, Pashmina and Changpas of Changtang. In: Y.P.S. Pangtey & R.S. Rawal (eds) High Altitudes of the Himalayas. Gyanodya Prakashan, Nanital.

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Riveros, F. 1992. The genus Prosopis and its potential to improve livestock production. pp 257-276, in: A.W. Speedy & P.L. Pugliese (eds.) Legume trees and other fodder trees as protein sources for livestock. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper No. 102.

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