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Conclusions and recommendations

68. The Symposium considered biological, environmental, social and economic impacts of fisheries management of lakes and rivers. Fisheries management has produced clear benefits to the ecosystem and to stakeholders over and above benefits to the fishery itself. However, such activities as stocking and introduction can produce negative impacts, but this is not always the case.

69. The Symposium highlighted that traditional fisheries management is not always implemented successfully in European inland fisheries. At the same time, the trend away from traditional management of fisheries resources towards integrated management of the ecosystem emphasizes the need to develop new participatory approaches.

70. Many of the issues and approaches highlighted have fundamental implications to the EU Water Framework Directive because of the need to improve the status of fresh waters in the future. The implications of global environmental change should be recognized and given due consideration in future management approaches.

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