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About this report


Towards the World Food Summit target

Undernourishment around the world

Hunger and mortality

Counting the hungry: latest estimates

Undernourishment, poverty and development

Hunger hotspots

Special feature

The vulnerability of mountain environments and mountain people

Towards the Summit commitments

Acting to combat hunger

Addressing the risk factors common to conflict and foood insecurity

Confronting the causes of malnutrition: the hidden challenge of micronutrient deficiencies

Land reform and secure land tenure: keys to food security and sustainable rural development

Financing for development: the critical role of hunger reduction and agricultural development

The way ahead

Combating hunger contributes to achieving other Millennium Development Goals



Published in 2002 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy

The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its boundaries, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for education or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing Management Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy, or by e-mail to [email protected]

FAO 2002

ISBN 92-5-104815-0

Printed in Italy

Photographs From left to right on cover:
T. Burarakskiet/UNEP/Still Pictures
S. Mittal/UNEP/Still Pictures
L. Olesen/UNEP/Still Pictures


This fourth edition of The State of Food Insecurity in the World was prepared as a collaborative effort within FAO led by the Economic and Social Department (ES).

Overall leadership was provided by Hartwig de Haen, Assistant Director-General, ES, assisted by Prakash Shetty, Chief of the Nutrition Planning, Assessment and Evaluation Service (ESNA), who served as the chair of the core technical team. Invaluable conceptual and editorial assistance was provided by Andrew Marx of KnowledgeView Ltd.

Other members of the core technical team were: William Meyers, Barbara Huddleston and Kostas Stamoulis, Agriculture and Economic Development Analysis Division; Jorge Mernies, Statistics Division; David Wilcock, FIVIMS Coordinator; and Nicholas Hughes, Programme Coordinator, ES Department. The following FAO staff provided technical contributions: Jelle Bruinsma and Josef Schmidhuber, Global Perspectives Study Unit (ES); Haluk Kasnakoglu, Ricardo Sibrian, Cinzia Cerri and Loganaden Naiken (consultant), Statistics Division (ES); Ergin Ataman, Mario Bloise and Paola de Salvo, Research, Extension and Training Division, and Paul Munro-Faure, David Palmer, Paolo Groppo, Adriana Herrera and Luciana Colella-Iarussi, Rural Development Division (Sustainable Development Department); Freddy Nachtergaele and Marina Zanetti, Land and Water Development Division, and John Dixon, Agricultural Support Systems Division (Agriculture Department); Aysen Tanyeri-Abur, Sumiter Broca, Stefano Trento, Luca Fe d 'Ostiani, Amdetsion Gebre-Michael, Guenter Hemrich, Anna Carla Lopez, and Manish Tiwary, Agriculture and Economic Development Analysis Division (ES); Barbara Burlingame, Karel Callens, Florence Egal and Gina Kennedy, Nutrition Division (ES); Jenny Riches, FIVIMS Coordination Unit (ES); Liliana Balbi, Commodities and Trade Division (ES); Douglas McGuire and Thomas Hofer, Forest Resources Division (Forestry Department).

The key estimates on food consumption and undernourishment used in SOFI 2002 were produced by the Basic Data Branch and the Statistical Analysis Service of the Statistics Division (ES), respectively.

FAO extends special thanks to the team at Banson, Cambridge, UK, for design, layout, editorial support and preparation of graphic material.

The Editorial Group of the Information Division was responsible for language editing, editorial quality control and desktop publishing, while translations were provided by the Translation Group of the Conference, Council and Protocol Affairs Division (General Affairs and Information Department).