Planning for sustainable use of land resources
Towards a new approach

Table of contents


prepared by the
Land and Water Development Division

approved by
FAO's Interdepartmental Working Group on Land Use Planning

Background paper to FAO's Task Managership for Chapter 10 of Agenda 21 of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory. city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


ISBN 92-5-103724-8

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FAO 1995




Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: Concepts, definitions and links

Land and land resources
Environmental resources and natural resources
Land use planning and physical planning
Planning and management
Zoning, resource management domains, allocation
Links between rural, pert-urban and urban land use planning
An integrated approach

Chapter 3: Elements to be considered

Land tenure, land rights and land markets
Land users and other stakeholders
Qualities and limitations of land for different uses
Sustainability indicators

Chapter 4: Some important issues to be resolved through an integrated approach

Issues in the rural sphere
Issues in the pert-urban and coastal sphere
Issues in the international sphere

Chapter 5: Objectives and execution of the integrated approach

Development of a framework for decision making
Development of statistical and georeferenced databases on all land resources, on actual land uses and functions and on socio-economic conditions
Development of tools for uniting the databases in a unified system and for incorporating temporal and spatial changes
Multiple goal analysis and optimization techniques of the harnessed data
Social, economic and political tools for decision making on land use
Implementation of the agreed land resources development plan

Chapter 6: Institutional aspects

Chapter 7: Conclusion

Appendix I: Extract from the final report on the review of chapter 10 at the third session of the commission on sustainable development1
Appendix II: Conclusions and recommendations of the international workshop on agenda 21 - chapter 101