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4 June 1999

The Progress Review Meeting was held on 4 June 1999 in Room 215 of the FAO Annex, Accra, Ghana. The objective of the meeting was to review progress made in the process of the formulation of the Global Cassava Development Strategy (GCDS) and prepare a course of action for the next steps. A list of participants is attached.

Agenda Moderator and Minutes

Mr Cheikh Sarr agreed to act as moderator and Truman P. Phillips agreed to keep notes of the meeting. Andrew Westby acted as Moderator for Items 3 onwards. The draft agenda, attached, was discussed and it was agreed that the intent of Agenda Item 2 was to prepare an “Outline of an Implementation Plan”.

Outline of Implementation Plan

Marcio Porto began the discussion with the presentation of two overheads that outlined what is known and recommendations of two strategies that could help to achieve the “Vision”.

Cheikh Sourang suggested a framework for discussion. This framework was captured in three implementation tables, which had the following format:.

Implementation Table (National)


This table could be completed at the national, regional and global level. The table would be modified to reflect the level of implementation. For example, production operations would not normally be included in regional and global implementation tables. Cheikh also identified the following critical path.

These tables promoted a good deal of discussion. The major issues were who should complete the tables (should it be during the Progress Review Meeting) and at what level (national or regional) should the tables be completed. It was agreed that the tables would not be filled out at the meeting. It was noted however that much of the data needed to make an initial attempt at filling the tables is available.

It was also agreed that the tables provide a useful means of identifying the operations that need to be done at the different levels of aggregation. Likewise, the tables provide a means of identifying the importance of different actions. The importance of and need for, funding was noted by a number of participants.

Mpoko Bokanga noted that care should be taken not to create implementation plans that if unsuccessful would leave nothing. He noted that the Implementation Plan should be robust.

Thierry Thuriet noted that the approach appeared too top-down. Cheikh Sourang pointed out that the approach was actually a two-way approach.

Guy Henry pointed out that a measure of the success of the GCDS and resulting Implementation Plan is that it accelerates the development of the cassava industry.

In closing the morning session before break, Cheikh Sarr identified four areas of discussion that appeared to be applicable to the development of an “Outline of an Implementation Plan”.
Need to promote the Global Cassava Strategic approach.
Help countries develop implementation plans.
Agree upon coordination mechanism plans for the GCDS.
Need to validate the GCDS.

After the break Cheikh Sarr expanded his summary of issues discussed during the morning that could contribute to an outline of an implementation plan:

This summary was followed by a wide-ranging discussion of issues around the GCDS and the implementation plan.

Guy Henry noted that national issues should not be discussed. The question here was that the regional networks (once all are properly functioning) are the appropriate representative bodies for the national systems. What needs to be done as part of the GCDS is to look where certain strategic issues are missing and subsequently work on installing these in the regional network agendas. It was pointed out that EARRNET covers a broad spectrum of the cassava industry and that CORAF, although more research orientated, is linked (or will be linked) to the various player in the cassava system.

Andrew Westby noted that an original guiding principle of the GCDS was the identification of constraints and opportunities. Cheikh Sourang noted that more information is needed and areas need to be identified where more has to be done.

Mpoko Bokanga noted that it should be clear about whether the GCDS (an approach) or Cassava Development (a course of action) be discussed.

Guy Henry noted the need to find the red-line between production and markets. He suggested the theme of “Linking producers and growth markets”. He also suggested that areas where networks are deficient or could be strengthened on strategic points like linkages, integration and information be identified.

It was finally agreed that the points summarized by Cheikh Sarr should be recommended and an agreement developed on each of the points. The following was an attempt which appeared to be the consensus of the meeting.

LevelImplementation steps
GPromote the GCDS at national, regional and global levels
GBe advocates for the GCDS
 Seek support (promote, commitment, resources and funding) for the GCDS at national, regional and global levels
G/R/NStakeholders to approach on an individual or joint basis, their respective development partners to seek support from them in the context of the respective strategy priorities and programmes of the concerned partners
GSet-up some form of coordination or network for global level activities
GIdentify mechanisms to provide follow-up on the GCDS
GDevelop a management information system related to the GCDS
G/RHelp to set-up coordination mechanisms at the national, regional and global levels
G/RMake use of regional reports and attempt to provide information on constraints and opportunities as they relate to the GCDS
G/RValidate the GCDS
G/RAssist with the development and delivery of capacity building in support of the GCDS
RAssess regional networks (horizontal, vertical and cross-sectional) and create, revitalize and strengthen linkages where necessary
NHelp national stakeholders to develop a national consensus on the application of GCDS to their situation
G/R/NReview of relevant country experiences (country case studies)
G/R/NInitiate consultative process to identify stakeholders, opportunities and constraints
G/R/NIdentify action areas for follow-up
NAssist with the development of national implementation plans
G/R/NStakeholders should examine the prospects and modalities for interfacing cassava related activities with other relevant investment or technical assistance initiatives
NImplement pilot projects based on the GCDS

It was noted that the implementation plan is an ongoing process, with items being revised, removed and added as progress is made.

Quantity, quality control of background material

This and the following agenda items refer to action required as part of the preparation and hosting of the GCDS Forum.

In preparation of the final documents to be available at the Forum it was agreed that background material should be reviewed against a check-list, based on the terms of reference for each of the papers. This discussion led to several agreed upon action as listed below.

ResponsibleDate dueAction
IFAD, Westby, Henry15 June 1999Develop check lists for review of country and regional reports
  Review of country reports
Cheikh Sourang15 June 1999Send letter to responsible bodies, copied to reviewers, informing them of the impending review
Guy Henry5 July 1999Brazil
Bernardo Ospina5 July 1999Colombia
Lutaladio5 July 1999Benin,, Uganda
Akoroda5 July 1999Ghana
Dixon5 July 1999Nigeria
Westby5 July 1999Tanzania
  Review of regional reports
Cheikh Sourang18 June 1999Determine who is available to review regional reviews
Nigel Poulter to be approached5 July 1999Same
  Review of thematic reports
Howeler Environmental paper will be available for Forum
 CancelledFood security and gender
  FAO - will be available
  Market studiesPhases 1 and 2 will be available
  Regional consultations
  Latin America and Southeast Asia are available
Westby30 June 1999East and Southern Africa report will be compiled Report on ISRC-AB consideration of GCDS
Phillips30 June 1999West and Central Africa will be compiled
Phillips, Westby15 July 1999African reports compiled into one report
  Other internal documents
Cheikh Sourang15 July 1999Minutes of meetings and brainstorming sessions to be compiled
  Global Cassava Development Strategy
Phillips, Plucknett30 July 1999To be revised in terms of comments from regional consultations and feedback. Reference to regional studies

The desired format of the Global Strategy document was also discussed, starting from the premise that perhaps the draft currently on the table should not look different. It was proposed that the desired document would include the following:

It was also proposed that members of the existing GCDS Draft Committee should assist T. Philips and D. Plucknet to define the format of the final document.

Global Forum

After a discussion about linking the Forum to Centres Week it was decided that this would not be possible. It was then decided that the dates for the Forum should be 8–9 November 1999. It was proposed that the Forum be co-hosted by IFAD and FAO with the possibility of additional collaboration in the hosting of the Forum.

ResponsibleDate DueAction
Cheikh Sourang8 July 1999IFAD to write to FAO requesting that FAO host the Forum

The objectives of the Forum were to:

Organizing Committee

It was felt that the organizing committee should be primarily based in Rome. The proposed Committee was:

IFADCheikh Sourang
FAOMarcio Porto, N.B. Lutaladio
NRIAndrew Westby
CIRADGuy Henry
IITA? Mpoko Bokanga

There was a suggestion that Cheikh Sourang explore the possibility of including IGG/CFC on the organizing committee. Action is needed to establish an organizing committee

It was suggested that an Advisory Committee also be established to consist of interested organizations, donors and private sector.

Invitation list

After considerable discussion it was suggested that the invitees would be relevant donors, international organizations, governments, networks, NGOs.

Assuming appropriate funding, it was suggested that there would be between 50 to 100 participants.

Action: Draft list of participants to be circulated to core planning members. Suggestions for participants should be sent to Mr Lutaladio with copy to Mr Sourang.

Distribution of materials

It was agreed that availability of material that make up the GCDS effort was important. It was also noted that the volume of material makes it difficult and expensive to give all participants copies of all the documents. Core documents, which participants should receive, include:

Participants agreed that other documents should be available in a number of formats, such as on diskette/CD-ROM, GCDS Website and mailed in hard copies. Follow-up action and decision on distribution is required.


There was a discussion of a proposal provided by Guy Henry. It was suggested that the meeting be limited to two days. As a result of the discussion Guy Henry developed a revised proposal for the Forum Programme.

List of Participants

IFADCheikh Sourang; Douglas Wholey
FAOMarcio Porto; N.B. Lutaladio
IITAMpoko Bokanga
CM A, Côte d'lvoireCheikh Sarr
CIAT/Latin AmericaClair Hershey
NRIAndrew Westby
AsiaReinhardt Howeler
ISTRC-ABMalachy Akoroda
French CooperationThierry Thuriet
GTZAndreas Ebert
ConsultantTruman Phillips

Provisional Agenda

  1. Election of Chairperson and Secretary of the meeting and approval of agenda.

  2. Preparation of an outline draft of the GCDS Implementation Plan (including operationalization of the interface between the Global Strategy and the relevant TA and/or investment projects at country and regional level.

  3. Quantity, quality control of background materials and their future editing and publication (RR, CCS, Thematics, Regional Consultations).

  4. Format and contents of the GCDS document draft.

  5. Responsibilities for the finalization of the Global Strategy document in light of the regional stakeholders' consultations and other relevant background documents.

  6. Terms of Reference, organizational arrangements and action plans (roles and responsibilities) for the Global Forum.




Since 1996, a Task Force, representing the principal cassava development stakeholders, led by IFAD, has engaged in a participatory process of key analyses, leading to the formulation of a global strategy. Regional and national consultations have been part of this process, paving the way for a global stakeholder forum.

Goal of the strategy

To unleash the full potential of cassava through global development actions

Purpose of the Forum

To promote a global cassava development strategy to the group of principal stakeholders, to endorse the strategy, to inform them of current and future opportunities and to solicit future commitments.

Specific objectives

  1. To assemble an appropriate group of principal cassava development stakeholders, coming from all relevant continents and representing public and private sectors, national and international research, development and financing agencies concerned with cassava development, in order to présent and discuss the validity and usefulness of the GCDS.

  2. To review ongoing and pipeline cassava-based projects and activities influenced by the GCDS.

  3. To present, discuss and reach consensus on a proposed action plan for the implementation of the GCDS.

  4. To solicit and receive commitments from stakeholders, for concrete future contributions in line with the accepted GCDS action plan.

  5. To propose, discuss and reach consensus on future action programming and a division of labour.

  6. To publicize the event as broadly as possible.

Target audience:

- private sector representatives (root/starch/pellet producer/processing/export), food industries, info agencies, NGOs;

- representatives from national and international financing/development/donor agencies;

- regional and national government policy-makers.

Expected outputs :

- an efficiently organized, managed and well-attended event;

- GCDS endorsed, and the implementation proposal + action plan co-owned by participants;

- a significant number of firm commitments by stakeholders, regarding concrete contributions for implementing the GCDS' future plan of action;

- the commodity, event, message and future action are well-publicized by the media.

Forum activities :

- formal key presentations;

- plenary, round table and working group discussions;

- exhibit of commercial, development and scientific products;

- reception/cocktails.

Forum structure and programme

Day 1 : -Opening presentations and introductions and programme (FAO-IFAD)
- Setting the stage: GCDS background, objectives and activities (Sourang)
- Regional cassava sector presentations, three (Ospina, Henry, Booth)
- FAO global cassava projections (Coccia)
- Thematic review presentations, two (Philips, Howeler)
- The GCDS presentation (Plucknei)
- Round table comments and discussions
- Endorsement of the Strategy
Day 2: -Project cases influenced by the GCDS, 2 (Clayuca)
- Private industries perceptions (one to two)
- Government perceptions (one)
- Donor agency perceptions (one)
- Proposal for the implementation (action plan) of the GCDS
- Round table comments and discussions
- Proposal for future action and commitments
- Discussion
- Closure

Organization of the event :

Programme of activities es

Formation of Organizing Committee and Advisory Group  
Formulation of the TOR  
Participants database (invitations)  
1st and 2nd Invitations and programme sent  
Additional funding (travel and per diems)  
Web site established GH, AW, TP, MP
Documents printed  
Activity progress meeting  

Budget and co-funding arrangements (US$)

Budget itemSponsor
Conference facilities ****       
Exhibit set-up ****      
Secretariat ****       
Invitations ** **      
Document printing ****       
Web site *       
Cocktails and coffee       **** 
Travel & per diem   **** **  


Programme for the regional consultation meeting for West and Central Africa

Accra, Ghana, 1–3 June 1999

Day 1.Tuesday, 1 June 1999

08.55–09.00 hoursParticipants seated 
09.00–09.05 hoursIntroduction of ChairpersonMr F. Ofori, MOFA, Ghana
09.05–09.15 hoursChairperson's remarksMr J.C. Norman, Deputy Director-General
(Agricultural Research)
09.15–09.25 hoursWelcome AddressMr Bamidele Dada, FAO, Assistant Director-General and Regional Representative for Africa
09.25–09.40 hoursShort statements and introduction of regional organizationsMr Cheikh Sourang, Meting Coordinator, IFAD Representatives
Opening AddressDeputy Minister for Food and Agriculture of Ghana
09.40–10.00 hoursGroup photographAll participants and invitees
10.00–10.30 hoursCoffee Break 
Technical Sessions 
Session I 
10.30 hours Present status and potential of cassava in AfricaChair: Ministry of Agriculture, Bénin
 • Introductory remarks on the regional study for AfricaM. Bokanga, IITA
 • Germplasm developmentA. Dixon, IITA
 • Expanding marketsM. Bokanga, IITA
 • Sustainability of cropping systemsP. Kormawa, IITA
11.30 hoursReview of cassava country case studies 
 • Ghana 
 • Benin 
 • Nigeria 
13.00 hoursLunch 
Session II 
Review of the Strategy development Process 
14.00 hoursThematic review under the GCDSChair: Baba Dioum
 • Product definition and market expansionTruman Philips, Consultant
 • Environmental assessmentReinhardt Howeler, C1AT
14.30 hoursPresentation of the GCDST. Philips, Consultant
15.00 hoursFeedback of regional consultations 
Latin America and AsiaClair Hershey, CIAT
 R. Howeler, CIAT
• African Root Crop Researchers (ISTRC-AB)M. Akoroda
15.20 hoursDiscussions
15.45 hoursCoffee break
16.00 hoursCurrent regional initiatives relevant to the GCDS:
 • EARRNET (East Africa)W. Khizza
 • CEWARRNET (West and Central Africa) J. Otoo
16.30 hoursDiscussion
16.45 hoursIdentification of working groups:
 • Topics, methods and expected outputs T. Philips
 • Composition, venues, moderation, clarifications M. Porto
Day 2:Wednesday, 2 June 1999
08.30 hoursWorking group discussions:
 Group 1: Ghana and Nigeria
 Group 2: Bénin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Côte d'lvoire, Guinea, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Togo
14.00 hoursGroup 3. Networking
 Group 4. Linkages
16.30 hoursPlenary discussions
20.00 hoursMeeting of the Drafting Committee
Day 3:Thursday, 3 June 1999
08.30 hoursPresentation of working groups and discussion
10.30 hoursCoffee break
12.30 hoursLunch
14.00 hoursMeeting of the Drafting Committee
17.00 hoursPresentation of final report
17.00 hoursSummary and conclusions


List of participants to the Regional Consultation Meeting

Norbert G. MaroyaBeninChef Programme Manioc, INRAB
Akpodji CosmeBeninDir. du Cabinet, Min. du Dev. Rural
T. K. Christophe MedenouBeninDirection Prog, et Prepective (MDR)
Georges N'Da OssoryBeninDG/c. atacora (D PDRAII)
Bio SourokouBeninDirecteur PROMIC/FIDA
Ahlouinki Dieudonne MessanBeninDirecteur PAGER
Assan B. EmileBeninCTDR/PR
Anatole SognohossouBeninDirect, de Formation Operat. Vulgarisation
Dossou Firmin AdjahossouBeninCORAF (Root & Tuber Crops Network)
Norbert K. GohoungoBeninInterpreter
Guy HenryBrazilCIRAD
Marc Lapodini AtougaBurkina FasoUEMOA
Lydie Nsoutou Meka (Mrs)CameroonSyndicat Nat. de Producteurs de Manioc
A. Denis NganCameroonConsultant, SCETIA/AGROKEL/AGRIMEX
Jacob NgeveCameroonHead, International Coop. Service
Truman PhilipsCanadaConsultant
Basile ErepeC. African Rep.CMA/AOC, National Coordinator
Clair HersheyColombiaCIAT
Cheikh Tidiane SarrCôte d'lvoireCMA/AOC, Facilitator
Irie Bi DjoCôte d'IvoireMin. de 1'Agriculture et des Ress. Animales
Bernard EkabaGhanaFAO Ghana
Rene WrightGhanaFAO Ghana
Brahim KebeGhanaFAO Ghana
Anthony YoudeouweiGhanaFAO Ghana
Sicco KolijnGhanaFAO Ghana
Thierry ThurietFranceMission Francaise D'Appui au Cliss
K. Afreh-NuamahGhanaUNDP/FAO/MOFA IPM, Proj. Coord.
Stephanie Gallat (Mrs.)GhanaNRI
Francis OforiGhanaMOFA, Dir. Crop Services
Akwasi Adjei AdjekumGhanaMOFA, Nat. Progr. Coordinator RTIP
Joe AfuakwaGhanaCrops Research Institute
Wisdom Kofi Amoa AwuaGhanaFood Research Institute
Emmanuel CanacooGhanaLeventis Foundation
E. A. ManamaGhanaLeventis Foundation
Andreas EbertGhanaGTZ
Lydia Sasu (Mrs)GhanaFAO Freedom for Hunger Campaign
John OtooGhanaCORAF, Root and Tuber Network
John Enos AckeifiGhanaMinister for religion
Egnonto M. Koffi-TessioGhanaConsultant FAO/RAFP
Bulau TshibakaGhanaFAO-RAF, Chief Policy Assistance Branch
Kwame Afreh, NuamahGhanaFaculty of Agriculture, U. of Ghana
Seth AshiamahGhanaMOFA, Agric. Extension Service
Pepsy-Lee AndohGhanaGBC, Senior Programme Organizer
Samuel Cobblah AryeeGhanaCassava Farmer
Sadikhou Lamine ToureGuineaCMA/AOC, Programme Tubercules
Alain BambaGuineaPDPEF/FIDA, Directeur
Salifou F. CamaraGuineaProject FID A, Directeur
Marcio PortoItalyFAO Rome, AGPC
N. B. LutaladioItalyFAO Rome, AGPC
Cheikh SourangItalyIFAD Rome
Perin Saint AngeItalyIFAD Rome
Douglas WholeyItalyIFAD Rome
Ofelia MedranoItalyIFAD Rome
Idi MamanNigerPSN II, Directeur
Moutari SouleiNigerPDRAA, Directeur
Bakari SeidouNigerDir. de l'Agr., Min. Agric. lÉlevage
Mpoko BokangaNigeriaIITA, Biochemist
Alfred DixonNigeriaIITA, Cassava Breeder
J. Adelabu OkogunNigeriaITA, Soil Microbiologist
Patrick KormawaNigeriaIITA, Economist
Jacob H. D. MignounaNigeriaIITA, Biotechnologist
Adeoye A. AdenijiNigeriaNational Seed Service, Fed. Dept. Agric.
Bayo AjayiNigeriaNigeria Cassava Farmers' Association
Timothy Olatunji OgunyanwoNigeriaCatering Services Ltd., Deputy Director
Adegbola BalogunNigeriaCatering Serv. Ltd., Head Agroprocessing
Ernest Akosa OkadigboNigeriaFederal Ministry of Agriculture
Gabriel Chukwuka OrkworNigeriaNational Root Crops Res. Institute
Malachy 0. AkorodaNigeriaISTRC-AB, President
J. Q. SubahNigeriaECOWAS Secretariat, Senior Officer
C. DiaNigeriaIITA, Interpreter
Baba DioumSenegalCMA/AOC, Coordinator
Saliou DioufSenegalCMA/AOC, Charge de Mission
Mamadou Bamba DioufSenegalSOPROKA, Biologiste
Reinhardt HowelerThailandCIAT Asia
Kodjo TeteviTogoITRA, Directeur Scientifique
Baronda Boma AttaTogoBOMACO, Directeur
Ganda Seyni HassaneTogoBOAD, Directeur Adjoint DFP
A. H. Kodjovi-NumadoTogoPODV/FIDA, Directeur du project
S. K. D. Kudzo GligbeTogoCellule Technique Agroforestrie, Chief
Baty GmakagniTogoSOGVERD, Coord. National du Project
Bill William KhizzahUgandaIITA, Regional Scientist
Andrew WestbyUnited KingdomNRI, Research manager


Organizing Committee of the validation forum on the Global Cassava Development Strategy

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