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2 Definitions of Forest, other land uses, and Trees outside forests

2.1 Overview

For forest and forestry analysis, land use is classified into four basic categories by FAO:

• Forest,

• Other wooded land,

• Other land,

• Inland water.

These four categories are mutually exclusive and add up to the total land area. A new sub-category to forest - "area under reforestation" is introduced below.

In addition, Trees outside forests is an important category when studying forest products and services. Trees outside forests are not assigned an area, but occur within Other land.

2.2 Forest

Forests are lands of more than 0.5 hectares, with a tree canopy cover of more than 10 percent, which are not primarily under agricultural or urban land use.

2.3 Other wooded land

Other Wooded Land is land with a canopy cover of 5-10 percent of trees able to reach a height of 5 m in situ; or a canopy cover of more than 10 percent when smaller trees, shrubs and bushes are included.

2.4 Other land

Other land is, for the purpose of forestry, any land not classified as forest or other wooded land as defined above. Includes agricultural land, meadows and pastures, built-on areas, barren land, etc.

2.5 Inland water

Area occupied by major rivers, lakes and reservoirs.

2.6 Trees outside forests

Trees outside forests are trees and tree environments on land not defined as forest or other wooded land.

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