Small-Scale Bioenergy Initiatives:
Brief description and preliminary lessons on livelihood impacts
from case studies in Asia, Latin America and Africa


January 2009
Prepared for Pisces and FAO by Practical Action Consulting

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Policy Innovation Systems for Clean Energy Security (PISCES)
Rome, 2009


This report is based on a series of 15 international case studies conducted between September and November 2008 under a joint initiative of FAO and the PISCES Energy Research Programme Consortium funded by DFID. The case studies focussed on developing an improved understanding of the linkages between Livelihoods and Small-Scale Bioenergy Initiatives. The study was developed in consultation with the PISCES Consortium Advisory Group (CAG). This is made up of leading international participants in the field of energy and development, including members from the IEA, UNEP, ENERGIA, DFID and FAO, as well as policymakers and research organisations in the PISCES target countries of India, Kenya, Sri Lanka and Tanzania.
The focus of the study was on the impacts that different types of local level Bioenergy initiatives can have on Rural Livelihoods in different contexts in the developing world. Livelihoods are understood as the enhancement of the full range of natural, financial, human, social and physical capitals on a sustainable ongoing basis.

Although this research is funded by DFID and FAO, the views expressed in this report are entirely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent DFID or FAO’s own policies or views. Any discussion of their content should therefore be addressed to the authors and not to DFID or FAO.

FAO 2009