FAO Forestry Paper 164

Guide to implementation of phytosanitary standards in forestry

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome 2011

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.


All rights reserved. FAO encourages reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product. Non-commercial uses will be authorized free of charge, upon request. Reproduction for resale or other commercial purposes, including educational purposes, may incur fees. Applications for permission to reproduce or disseminate FAO copyright materials, and all queries concerning rights and licences, should be addressed by e-mail to [email protected] or to the Chief, Publishing Policy and Support Branch, Office of Knowledge Exchange, Research and Extension, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy.

Text in this guide is not an official legal interpretation of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) or its related documents, and is produced for public information and guidance only.

© FAO 2011


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(Download - 95 KB)

1. Introduction (Download - 65 KB)

Pest threats to the world’s forests
Protecting the world’s forests
About this guide

2. Trade in forest commodities (Download - 152 KB)

Forest commodities
Import of forest commodities
Export of forest commodities

3. Good practices for forest health protection(Download - 317 KB)

Integrated pest management for forestry
Forest operations
Forest nurseries
Planted forests
Naturally regenerated forests
Sawmills and post-harvest treatments
Product transportation and distribution centres
Using a systems approach to manage pest risks in forests
Challenges in preventing pest spread through woodfuels
Challenges in preventing pest spread through plants for planting
Challenges in preventing intentionally introduced tree species from becoming pests

4. Phytosanitary concepts simplified  (Download - 170 KB)

The international plant protection convention and international phytosanitary standards
Pest risk analysis
Regulation of wood packaging material
Pest management
Systems approaches
Pest reporting
Establishment and recognition of pest free areas and areas of low pest prevalence
Phytosanitary certification
Non-compliance notification
Phytosanitary import regulatory systems

5. The way forward (Download - 39 KB)

References (Download - 63 KB)

Annex 1: Examples of forest pest introductions and their impacts (Download - 547 KB)
Annex 2: Glossary of terms (Download - 79 KB)
Annex 3: International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs) (Download - 69 KB)
Annex 4: Where to go for more information (Download - 61 KB)