World Livestock 2011 - Livestock in food security

World Livestock 2011

Livestock in food security


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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome 2011


Although much has been said about livestock’s role in achieving food security, in reality, the subject has been only partially addressed and no current document fully covers the topic. Recognizing that food security is central to international development – and to the mandate of FAO - this report tells the story of livestock and food security from three perspectives.

It begins by presenting a global overview, examining the role that livestock play in human nutrition, the world food supply and access to food particularly for poor families. Next it moves from the global level to a human perspective, examining the way in which livestock contributes to the food security of three different human populations –livestock-dependent societies, small-scale mixed farmers and urban dwellers.

The final part of the report looks to the future. It discusses the expected demand for livestock source food and the way that increased demand can be met with ever more limited resources. It reviews the drivers that led to the livestock revolution, how these have changed and what the implications will be for livestock contributing to resilient food systems of the future.

Table of Contents

Acronym list


pdf - 240 Kb


Livestock and global food security

Measuring food security
Six dimensions

Livestock food in the diet
Nutritional value
Livestock products in the diets of the poor

Livestock and food supply
Supply of animal source foods
Livestock contributing to crop production
Livestock and the food balance
Stability of food supplies

Access to food
Financial, human and social capital
Gender dimensions of access
Economic factors affecting choice of livestock source foods
Market access and food access

Key points on livestock and global food security

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Three human populations – three food security situations

Livestock-dependent societies
Contributions and challenges to food security
Case study. Mongolia: the limits of the last place on earth
Prospects for livestock dependence

Small-scale mixed farmers
Contribution of livestock to food security
Constraints to expansion
Case study. Mixed farming in Nepal
Prospects for small-scale mixed farmers

City populations
Livestock products in the urban diet
Sources of livestock source food for urban populations
Prospects for livestock feeding urban populations

Key points on three populations
Livestock-dependent societies
Small-scale mixed farmers
City populations

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Feeding the future

Producing enough food
How much livestock source food will be needed
Reducing waste

Building resilience
Water shortage
Human and animal health threats
Volatile markets for feed and livestock products
Building sustainable systems

Urban consumers
A regional perspective
Who does what?

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ISBN 978-92-5-107013-0

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