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Expert Panel and Authors

BROM, Frans W.A
Lecturer of Ethics
Centre for Bioethics and Health Law
Faculty of Theology
Utrecht University
Heidelberglaan 2
NL-3584 CS Utrecht
The Netherlands
Tel.: (+31) 30 2535747/2534399
Fax: (+31) 30 2539410
E-mail: [email protected]

BUSCH, Lawrence
Institute for Food and Agricultural Standards
Department of Sociology
Michigan State University
East Lansing, MI 48824-1111
Tel.: (+1) 517 3553396
Fax: (+1) 517 3535149
E-mail: [email protected]

CHEN Chunming
Professor of Nutrition
Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention
27 Nan Wei Road
Beijing 100050
Tel.: (+86) 1063170892/83159165
Fax: (+86) 10 83159164
E-mail: [email protected]

Professor and Chairman
Department of Public Health
Juntendo University School of Medicine
Hongo-2-1-1, Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo
Tel.: (+81) 3 58021048
Fax: (+81) 3 38140305
E-mail: [email protected]

EYNARD, Aldo Renato
Institute of Cellular Biology
Faculty of Medical Sciences
Casilla de Correos 220
5000 Córdoba
Tel.: (+54) 351 4334023
E-mail: [email protected]

DE CAMPOS, Marit Kristine Johansen
Food Scientist (retired)
3 Avenida, 37-12. Zona 12
Colonia El Carmen
Guatemala City
Tel.: (+502) 4764532
E-mail: [email protected]

GABR, Mamdouh
Professor Emeritus of Pediatrics
Cairo University
Cairo, Egypt
E-mail: [email protected]

GROTH, Edward
Senior Scientist
Consumers Union of US Inc.
101 Truman Avenue, Yonkers
Tel.: (+1) 914 3782301
Fax: (+1) 914 3782908
E-mail: [email protected]

Manager, Biotechnology Safety and Ethics
Department of Human Services
120 Spencer Street
Melbourne 3000
Tel.: (+61) 3 96374998
Fax: (+61) 3 96374246
E-mail: [email protected]

NGOENHA, Severino Elias
Professor in Philosophy
Faculty of Political and Social Sciences
Institute of Anthropology and Sociology
1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Tel./Fax: (+41) 21 6523925
E-mail: [email protected] or
[email protected]

OSMAN, Faiza Mohamed
Assistant Professor of Food and Nutrition
Head, Epidemiology and Clinical
Studies Department
Institute of Endemic Disease
University of Khartoum
PO Box 102, Khartoum
Tel.: (+249) 11 779712/793265
Fax: (+249) 11 779712
E-mail: [email protected]

PROCTOR, Marlene
Head of Research Strategy
Faculty of Tourism and Food
Dublin Institute of Technology
Cathal Brugha Street
Dublin 1, Ireland
Tel.: (+353) 1 4024356
Fax: (+353) 1 024495
E-mail [email protected]

Chairman, Veterinary Medicines
Committee of Namibia
PO Box 178
Tel.: (+264) 61 228909
Fax: (+264) 61 230619
E-mail: [email protected]

Rathenau Institute
Koninginnegracht 56
2514 AE Den Haag
Postbox 85525
2508 CE Den Haag
The Netherlands
Tel.: (+31) 70 3421513
Fax: (+31) 70 3633488
E-mail: [email protected]

Distinguished Professor
Department of Philosophy
Purdue University
West Lafayette, IN 47907-1360
Tel.: (+1) 765 4944295
Fax: (+1) 765 4961616
E-mail: [email protected]


Marloes Vandersande
World Food Programme
Via Cesare Giulio Viola 68/70
Parco dei Medici
00148 Rome, Italy
Tel.: (+39) 06 65131
E-mail: [email protected]

Alain Mourey
International Committee of the Red Cross
Geneva, Switzerland
E-mail: [email protected]


Jean-Louis Jouve
Food Quality and Standards Service
FAO Food and Nutrition Division
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, Italy
Tel.: (+39) 06 57055858
Fax: (+39) 06 57054593
E-mail: [email protected]

Ezzeddine Boutrif
Senior Officer
Food Quality and Standards Service
FAO Food and Nutrition Division
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, Italy
Tel.: (+39) 06 57056156
Fax: (+39) 06 57054593
E-mail: [email protected]

Lourdes Costarrica
Senior Officer
Food Quality and Standards Service
FAO Food and Nutrition Division
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, Italy
Tel.: (+39) 06 57056060
Fax: (+39) 06 57054593
E-mail: Lourdes.Costarrica@

Renata Clarke
Nutrition Officer
Food Quality and Standards Service
FAO Food and Nutrition Division
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, Italy
Tel.: (+39) 06 57052010
Fax: (+39) 06 57054593
E-mail: [email protected]

Daniela Battaglia
Animal Production Officer
Animal Production Service
FAO Animal Production and Health Division
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
Rome, Italy
Tel.: (+39) 06 57056773
E-mail: [email protected]

Kelebohile Lekoape
Food Safety Officer
Geneva, Switzerland
Tel.: (+22) 41 7914235
E-mail: [email protected]

Prof. Dr M. Korthals
Resource person for FAO
Group of Applied Philosophy
Wageningen University
Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN
The Netherlands
Tel.: (+31) 317 484178
Fax: (+31) 317 485453
E-mail: [email protected]

ANNEX II: Statements of Principle Concerning the Role of Science in the Codex Decision-Making Process and the Extent to Which Other Factors are Taken into Account

· The food standards, guidelines and other recommendations of Codex Alimentarius shall be based on the principle of sound scientific analysis and evidence, involving a thorough review of all relevant information, in order that the standards assure the quality and safety of the food supply.

· When elaborating and deciding upon food standards Codex Alimentarius will have regard, where appropriate, to other legitimate factors relevant for the health protection of consumers and for the promotion of fair practices in food trade.

· In this regard it is noted that food labelling plays an important role in furthering both of these objectives.

· When the situation arises that members of Codex agree on the necessary level of protection of public health but hold differing views about other considerations, members may abstain from acceptance of the relevant standard without necessarily preventing the decision by Codex.

Criteria for the Consideration of the Other Factors Referred to in the Second Statement of Principle

· When health and safety matters are concerned, the Statements of Principle Concerning the Role of Science and the Statements of Principle Relating to the Role of Food Safety Risk Assessment should be followed.

· Other legitimate factors relevant for health protection and promotion of fair trade practices may be identified in the risk management process, and risk managers should indicate how these factors affect the selection of risk management options and the development of standards, guidelines and related texts.

· Consideration of other factors should not affect the scientific basis of risk analysis; in this process, the separation between risk assessment and risk management should be respected, in order to ensure the scientific integrity of the risk assessment.

· It should be recognized that some legitimate concerns of governments when establishing their national legislation are not generally applicable or relevant worldwide.[5]

· Only those other factors which can be accepted on a worldwide basis, or on a regional basis in the case of regional standards and related texts, should be taken into account in the framework of Codex.

· The consideration of specific other factors in the development of risk management recommendations of the Codex Alimentarius Commission and its subsidiary bodies should be clearly documented, including the rationale for their integration, on a case-by-case basis.

· The feasibility of risk management options due to the nature and particular constraints of the production or processing methods, transport and storage, especially in developing countries, may be considered; concerns related to economic interests and trade issues in general should be substantiated by quantifiable data.

· The integration of other legitimate factors in risk management should not create unjustified barriers to trade;[6] particular attention should be given to the impact on developing countries of the inclusion of such other factors.

[5] Confusion should be avoided between justification of national measures under the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) and Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Agreements and their validity at the international level.
[6] According to WTO principles, and taking into account the particular provisions of the SPS and TBTAgreements.

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