Management of agricultural research: A training manual. Module 4: Leadership, motivation, building and conflict management

Table of Contents

Prepared by
V.N. Asopa

Indian Institute of Management and
G. Beye

Research and Technology Development Service Research, Extension and Training Division, FAO


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

M-67 ISBN 92-5-104094-X

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FAO 1997

This electronic document has been scanned using optical character recognition (OCR) software and careful manual recorrection. Even if the quality of digitalisation is high, the FAO declines all responsibility for any discrepancies that may exist between the present document and its original printed version.

Table of Contents



Session 1. Leadership

Session guide: Leadership
Reading note: Leadership

Leadership theories
Trait approach
Behaviourial approach
Theory X and theory Y
Managerial grid approach
Likert's four systems
Situational approach
Functions of leaders
Characteristics of leaders

Session 2. Motivation

Session guide: Motivation
Reading note: Motivation

Theories of motivation
Motivation techniques
Laws of motivation

Session 3. Team building

Session guide: Team building
Reading note: Team building

Team building in agricultural research organizations

Session 4. Case study: IRRI management

Session guide: Case study - IRRI management compares IRRI with LDE research institutes
Case study: IRRI management compares IRRI with LDE research institutes

Discussions with Dr Amir U. Khan
Discussions with Dr Bart Duff
The IRRI agricultural equipment programme

Session 5. Conflict management

Session guide: Conflict management
Reading note: Conflict management

Why conflicts arise
Conditions creating conflict situations
Conflict as a process
Effects of conflicts
Elements of a conflict
Theory of conflict management
Response styles
Dealing with conflict
Ways to resolve conflict
Conflict-resolution behaviour
Strategies for managing conflicts
Conflicts in research organizations
Summing up

Session 6. Conflict management case study: Dr Agadir

Session guide: Dr Agadir
Case study: Dr Agadir

The third cocoa project
Dr Agadir
Dr Swanson's dilemma
Annex 1: The Cocoa Research Institute of Savana