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Bifani, C.V., Vega, M.J.A. de la and Paredes, R.C. Dehydration: an Economic solution for Beef of Low Marketable Quality. Proceedings European Meeting of Meat Research Workers 1983. No. 29, Vol 1, c 1.5., 213–220.

Bifani, C.V., Paredes, R.C., Vega, M.J.A. de la. Dehydration of Meat. Pretreatment and Drying Conditions. Revista de Agroquimica y Techologia de Alimentos, 1984. 24, (2), 239–248.

Bifani, C.V., Design of an Experimental Dryer for Foods. Alimentos 1984. 9, (1), 27–33.

Costa, A.R.S. Alternative Methods of Drying Charque using solar collectors: a Mathematical Survey of the Process. Informativo Anual, Faculdade de Engenharia de Alimentos and Agricola, Universidade Estadual de Campinas 1979. No. 7, 8–10.

Da Long, D. Jerky: In How to Dry Foods. H.P. Books, Tuscon, AZ, pages 79–82: 157–155.

Holley, R.A. Beef Jerky: viability of Food-Poisoning micro-organisms on Jerky during its Manufacture and Storage. Journal of Food Protection 1985, Vol 48, 2, 100–106.

Idrogo, Aurelia A. de. Evolução da Produção, Industrialização e comercialização de carnes na Paraiba. Universidade Federal da Paraiba, 1983, Masters Thesis.

Moraes, M.A.C., Costa A.R.S. Sensory Evaluation of Charque. International Congress of Food Science and Technology Abstracts, 1978, p 154.

Norman, G.A., Oliveira, Elisene, F., Netto, Maria, V.L. Carne-de-Sol: A necessidade de modernizaçao de um producto tradicional. Revista Nacional da carne, 1983, March, 24–27.

Picchi, V. and Cia, G. Fabricação do Charque. Boletim do Centro de Tecnologia de carne 1980, 5, 11–30.

Sharp, J.G. Dehydrated Meat. Department of Scientific and Industrial Research Food Investigation Special Report No. 57 1953. Chapter 3. The Preparation of Meat for Drying pps 45–54 Chapter 5. Packaging pps 70–75. HMSO, London.

Thomas, P.L. Dried Meat Products. CSIRO Food Research Quarterly 1975, 35, (4), 73–78.


The authors would like to acknowledge the contributions of Vasco Picchi, currently with the Frigorifico Atlas S.A. and Teresa Alves de Araujo Nobrega of the Federal University of Paraiba, and thank the Institute of Food Technology, Campinas for the use of their facilities and personnel in elaborating this document.



1.Animal breeding: selected articles from World Animal Review, 1977 (C* E*F* S*)
2.Eradication of hog cholera and African swine fever, 1976 (E* F* S*)
3.Insecticides and application equipment for tsetse control, 1977 (E* F*)
4.New feed resources, 1977 (E/F/S*)
5.Bibliography of the criollo cattle of the Americas, 1977 (E/S*)
6.Mediterranean cattle and sheep in crossbreeding, 1977 (E* F*)
7.Environmental impact of tsetse chemical control, 1977 (E* F*)
7 Rev.Environmental impact of tsetse chemical control, 1980 (E* F*)
8.Declining breeds of Mediterranean sheep, 1978 (E* F*)
9.Slaughterhouse and slaughterslab design and construction, 1978 (E* F* S*)
10.Treating straw for animal feeding, 1978 (C* E* F* S*)
11.Packaging, storage and distribution of processed milk, 1978 (E*)
12.Ruminant nutrition: selected articles from World Animal Review, 1978 (C* E* F* S*)
13.Buffalo reproduction and artificial insemination, 1979 (E**)
14.The African trypanosomiases, 1979 (E* F*)
15.Establishment of dairy training centres, 1979 (E*)
16.Open yard housing for young cattle, 1981 (E* F* S*)
17.Prolific tropical sheep, 1980 (E*)
18.Feed from animal wastes: state of knowledge, 1980 (E*)
19.East Coast fever and related tick-borne diseases, 1980 (E*)
20/1.Trypanotolerant livestock in West and Central Africa, 1980 Vol. 1 - General study (E* F*)
20/2.Trypanotolerant livestock in West and Central Africa, 1980 Vol. 2 - Country studies (E* F*)
21.Guidelines for dairy accounting, 1980 (E*)
22.Recursos genéticos animales en América, Latina, 1981 (S*)
23.Disease control in semen and embryos (E* F* S*)
24.Animal genetic resources - conservation and management, 1981 (E*)
25.Reproductive efficiency in cattle, 1982 (E*)
26.Camels and camel milk, 1982 (E*)
27.Deer farming, 1982 (E*)
28.Feed from animal wastes: feeding manual, 1982 (E*)
29.Echinococcosis/hydatidosis surveillance, prevention and control: FAO/UNEP/WHO guidelines, 1982 (E*)
30.Sheep and goat breeds of India, 1982 (E*)
31.Hormones in animal production, 1982 (E*)
32.Crop residues and agro-industrial by-products in animal feeding, 1982 (E/F*)
33.Haemorrhagic septiacaemia, 1982 (E* F*)
34.Breeding plans for ruminant livestock in the tropics, 1982 (E* S*)
35.Off-tastes in raw and reconsitituted milk, 1983 (E* F* S*)
36.Ticks and tick-borne diseases: selected articles from World Animal Review, 1983 (E* F* S*)
37.African animal trypanosomiasis: selected articles from World Animal Review, 1983 (E* F*)
38.Diagnosis and vaccination for the control of brucellosis in the Near East, 1983 (E*)
39.Solar energy in small-scale milk collection and processing, 1983 (E*)
40.Intensive sheep production in the Near East, 1983 (E*)
41.Integrating crops and livestock in West Africa, 1983 (E*)
42.Animal energy in agriculture in Africa and Asia, 1983 (E/F*)
43.Olive by-products for animal feed, 1982 (E* F* S*)
44/1.Animal genetic resources conservation by management, data banks and training, 1984 (E*)
44/2.Animal genetic resources cryogenic storage of germplasm and molecular engineering, 1984 (E*)
45.Maintenance systems for the dairy plant, 1984 (E*)
46.Livestock breeds of China, 1985 (E*)
47.Réfrigération du lait à la ferme et organisation des transports, 1985 (F*)
48.La fromagerie et les variétés de fromages du bassin méditerranén, 1985 (F*)
49.Manual for slaughter of small ruminants in developing countries, 1985 (E*)
50.Better utilization of crop residues and by-products in animal feeding: research guidelines - 1. State of knowledge, 1985 (E*)
51.Dried salted meats: charque and carne-de-sol, 1985 (E*)

Availability: August 1986
A - Arabic
C - Chinese
E - English
F - French
S - Spanish
* Available
** Out of print
*** In preparation

The FAO Technical papers are available through the authorized FAO Sales Agents or directly from Distribution and Sales Section, FAO, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy


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