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About this report


Towards the World Food Summit target

Undernourishment around the world

Depth of hunger: how hungry are the hungry?

Estimates and projections of hunger

Food deprivation: prevalence and depth of hunger

Locating the hungry in countries in transition

Nutritional status and vulnerability

The spectrum of malnutrition

Women: different needs, greater risks

Diets of hungry people

Finding out who is hungry: profiling vulnerable groups

Dynamics of change

The dividends of food security

Cassava research: boosting food security in Ghana and Nigeria

Thailand: Steady reduction in poverty and malnutrition

The way ahead

Accelerating the pace of progress




Published in 2000 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing and Multimedia Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy or by e-mail to [email protected]

FAO 2000

Printed in Italy

From left to right on cover:
FAO/21846/R. Grisolia
FAO/14587/S. Pintus
UNICEF/HQ92-0633/R. Lemoyne


The second edition of The state of food insecurity in the world was prepared as a collaborative effort between the Economic and Social Department (ES) and the General Affairs and Information Department (GI) of FAO.

Overall leadership was provided by Hartwig de Haen, Assistant Director-General, ES, assisted by Nicholas Hughes, Programme Co-ordinator, ES, with conceptual guidance by Shalini Dewan, Chief, Publishing and Multimedia Service (GI).

The core technical team in the ES Department consisted of: Barbara Huddleston, Agriculture and Economic Development Analysis Division; Janice Albert, Barbara Burlingame and Simon Chevassus, Food and Nutrition Division; and Jorges Mernies and Loganaden Naiken, Statistics Division.

Substantive editorial and design support was provided by the Multimedia Group of the Information Division, GI, led by Catharine Way and Nicholas Rubery, with assistance from Kate Dunn and Diana Willensky. Language editing services were provided by the Editorial Group and translations by the Translation Group>

The following staff provided technical contributions:

NeBambi Lutaladio and Marcio Porto, Plant Production and Protection Division, Agriculture Department; Rachel Sauvinet-Bedouin and Sumiter Broca, Agriculture and Economic Development Analysis Division, ES; Marijke Drysdale, Commodities and Trade Division, ES; Jelle Bruinsma, Global Perspective Studies Unit, and David Wilcock, Interagency Working Group on FIVIMS, ES; Teresa Calderon, William Clay, Jean-Pierre Cotier, Irela Mazar, Ellen Muehlhoff, Kraisid Tontisirin and Robert Weisell, Food and Nutrition Division, ES; Jan Johnson and Ron Maine, Fisheries Industries Division, Fisheries Department; Ergin Ataman and Gillian Bunting, Research, Extension and Training Division, Sustainable Development Department; and David Sedik, Regional Office for Europe.

We also wish to acknowledge the contributions of Alfred Dixon and Mpoko Bokanga, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Abuja, Nigeria; Camilla Knox-Peebles, FIVIMS Vulnerability Assessment Expert; Maria Josefina Archondo, Nutrition Consultant, Bolivia; Jehangir Khan Khalil, Dean, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences, North West Frontier Province Agricultural University, Peshawar, Pakistan; Mary Mwewa, Mansa Technology Assessment Site, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries, Zambia; and, Benoit Horemans, Sustainable Livelihood Fisheries Programme, Benin.