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Community Sanitation and Recycle Organization (CSARO). Web site:

Cracas, P. 2000. Vermicomposting Cuban style. Worm Dig. Iss., 25 - online articles.

FAO. 1980. A manual of rural composting. FAO/UNDP Regional Project RAS/75/004 Field Document No. 15. Rome.

FAO. 2002. Biofertilizer production plant, Myanmar (FAO/UNDP Project), by H. Hiraoka. Back to Office Report. Bangkok, FAO-RAP.

Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI). 1989. Biofertilizers. New Delhi, Division of Microbiology.

Jambhhekar, H. 2002. Vermiculture in India - online training material. Pune, India, Maharashtra, Agricultural Bioteks.

Manickam, T.S. 1967. Chemistry of fertilizers and manures. Coimbatore, India, Division of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Agricultural Research Institute.

Natural Resource, Agriculture, and Engineering Service (NRAES). 1992. On-farm composting, edited by R. Rynk. Ithaca, USA, NRAES Cooperative Extension.

Ndegwa, P.M. & Thompson, S.A. 2001. Integrating composting and vermicomposting in the treatment and bioconversion of biosolids. Biores. Tech., 76(2): 107-112.

Palm, C.A., Gachengo, C.N., Delve, R.J., Cadisch, G. & Giller, K.E. 2001. Organic inputs for soil fertility management in tropical agroecosystems: application of an organic resource database. Ag. Ecosys. Env., 83: 27-42.

Raabe, R.D. 2001. The rapid composting method. University of California, US, Co-operative Extension, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources.

Ramasami, S. 1975. Processing of bones into bonemeal and its effect on plant growth. New Delhi, Indian Agricultural Research Institute. (PhD thesis)

Richard, T. 1996. The effect of lignin on biodegradability. In: Cornell composting. (available at

Schorth, G. 2003. Decomposition and nutrient supply from biomass. In G. Schorth & F.L. Sinclari, eds. Trees, crops and soil fertility: concepts and research methods. CABI Publishing, ISBN-0851995934.

Smith, R.C. 1995. Composting practices. NDSU Extension Service, North Dakota State University of Agriculture and Applied Science, and USDA.

Tamilnadu Agricultural University (TNAU). 1999. Crop production guide. Coimbatore, India.

Virginia, C.C. 1997. Rapid composting technology in Philippines: its role in producing good quality organic fertilizers. Extension Bulletin. Taiwan Province of China, FFTC.

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