FAO Fisheries Report No. 738, Supplement

FAO Fisheries Report No. 738, Supplement

FIRM/R738 Suppl.

Papers Presented at the

Rome, 9-12 March 2004

Rome, 2004
Table of Contents

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ISBN 92-5-105238-7
ISSN 0429-9337

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Papers presented at the Expert Consultation on Interactions between Sea Turtles and Fisheries within an Ecosystem Context. Rome, 9-12 March 2004.

FAO Fisheries Report. No. 738, Suppl. Rome, FAO. 2004. 238p.


An Expert Consultation on Interactions between Sea Turtles and Fisheries within an Ecosystem Context was convened by FAO and held in Rome, Italy, from 9 to 12 March 2004. The meeting was attended by 11 experts from seven countries, covering expertise related to sea turtle biology and conservation, fishing gear technology, fisheries management and socio-economics. The Expert Consultation was organized to provide technical input to the Technical Consultation to take place in Bangkok, Thailand, later in 2004, as agreed at the twenty-fifth session of the Committee on Fisheries (COFI), held in Rome, Italy, from 24 to 28 February 2003. This document includes all the contributions prepared by the participating experts as background information to the Expert Consultation.

The first four papers provide an overview of available information on biology, distribution and main sources of natural and man-induced sea turtle mortality for the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans and the Mediterranean Sea, respectively.

Gear technology developments to reduce impacts on sea turtles are reviewed in papers 5 to 7. Special emphasis is given to the Turtle Excluder Devices (TEDs) and mitigation measures in pelagic longline fishing. Management experiences in reducing sea turtle bycatch in coastal fisheries, including implementation of technology standards and area/time closures, are covered by paper 8.

Examples of conservation efforts aimed at preserving nesting beach habitats and at preventing direct take of sea turtles and their eggs are presented for two locations in Indonesia (paper 9). The examples show the importance of community empowerment in the implementation of conservation measures.

Finally, paper 10 describes an important case study from the State of Orissa (India). Here olive ridley turtles congregate in large numbers in the shallow coastal waters that also happen to be the richest fishing grounds and the source of livelihoods for traditional fishing communities in that region. Experiences made in implementing various management measures to reduce sea turtle mortality due to fishing are presented, with particular emphasis on the consequences that these have had on traditional fishing communities.

© FAO 2004


Preparation of the document

Sea turtles population dynamics, with special emphasis on sources of mortality and relative importance of fisheries impacts - Atlantic Ocean (René Márquez-M.)


Sea turtles of the Mediterranean Sea: population dynamics, sources of mortality and relative importance of fisheries impacts (Juan A. Camiñas)


Marine turtle status and conservation in the Indian Ocean (Kartik Shanker)


Status of sea turtle stocks in the Pacific (Milani Chaloupka, Peter Dutton, Hideki Nakano)


A review of existing and potential longline gear modifications to reduce sea turtle mortality (Svein Løkkeborg)


A review of development, modification and implementation of TED (Turtle Excluder Device) to reduce sea turtle bycatch in trawl fisheries (Daisuke Shiode and Tadashi Tokai)


Reducing turtle mortality in shrimp-trawl fisheries in Australia, Kuwait and Iran (Steve Eayrs)


Management experiences in implementing sea turtle avoidance and mitigation measures in commercial fisheries (David F. Hogan)

A need to align and integrate incentive strategies. Lessons learned from turtle protection in eastern Indonesia (Creusa Hitipeuw and Lida Pet-Soede)


Socio-economic aspects of management measures aimed at controlling sea turtle mortality: a case study of Orissa, India (Sebastian Mathew)


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