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Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP)
Fifth consultative group meeting


29 October 2015, Rome – Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is one of the most important infectious diseases of cattle in Africa. Some 26 countries in the continent are affected by the disease which is spreading to countries and areas where the disease has been previously eradicated or has never been reported. In affected countries, the disease has serious implications on food security and livelihoods caused by mortality, loss of milk production and drastic weight loss in chronic cases of the disease. The latest state can result in reduced draught power with direct impact on food production.

The control of the disease has been constrained by several factors including the deterioration in the quality of veterinary services, lack of financial resources to mount sustained control programmes against the disease and uncontrolled cattle movement within and between countries. The control of CBPP currently suffers from lack of concerted actions and financial support, which has resulted in gradual spread of the disease throughout much of the continent.

The continuing spread of CBPP disease throughout Africa and the urgent need to review current knowledge on disease dynamics in the continent prompted the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) together with the the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), African Union - Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resoruces (AU-IBAR) and the Joint FAO/IAEA Division to convene a technical meeting to assess the situation of the disease, take stock of the latest developments in diagnostic and prophylactic tools since the last FAO CBPP consultative group meeting  held in Rome in November 2006 and suggest actions for improvement of CBPP control in Africa. The meeting was held at FAO, Rome from 14 - 16 October 2015, with the participation of 20 CBPP experts  in addition to technical staff from FAO, OIE, the Joint FAO/IAEA Division and GALVmed. The representatives of AU-IBAR and PANVAC were connected by Skype.

The programme of the meeting included different sessions with technical presentations on the disease situation in Africa and in selected countries (Senegal, Zambia and Kenya), (ii) prevention and control strategies, (iii) update on diagnostics and surveillance tools, (iv) update on vaccine developments, and (v) update on the use of antibiotics in CBPP control. These presentations were followed by roundtable discussions on CBPP dynamics with a view to lay out the technical and policy approaches for sustainable progressive control and ultimately eradication of the disease in Africa.

A central question during the meeting was about the feasibility of eradication of CBPP worldwide and in Africa.  The experts agreed that due to several factors hindering CBPP control, global and continental CBPP eradication remains a challenging and distant goal. However, elimination of the disease in an infected country or region can be achieved by combined control measures and effective control of animal movements. The strategic approach to CBPP should be based on progressive control leading ultimately to area-wide freedom from the infection. Existing tools can be used for a successful coordinated control programme, when applied appropriately.

The main recommendations emanating from this meeting focus on some of the below-mentioned areas:

  • There is need for stronger political commitment in Africa which prioritizes CBPP as a major disease to convince governments, regional organizations, international bodies and funding partners invest in CBPP control as basis for improving food security, people’s livelihoods and general wellbeing
  • Developing phased and coordinated CBPP control programmes which are flexible enough to be adapted to local epidemiological and socio-economical contexts
  • Exploring the possibility of combining control of CBPP with other diseases as part of animal health care
  • There is urgent need to conduct pilot studies as proof of concept to demonstrate CBPP can be controlled by combination of vaccination and controlled use of antibiotics (as alternative to stamping out which not feasible in many places)
  • Public Private Partnership should be operationalized to ensure effective delivery systems of animal health interventions particularly vaccination and surveillance activities, as part of strengthening veterinary services
  • The national public veterinary services should bear policy and overall strategy responsibility of CBPP control while implementation (or operationalization) should involve the private sector, local authorities and NGOs
  • Socio-economic impact assessments of CBPP on peoples livelihoods need to be conducted to justify the anticipated expenditure required for progressive control of CBPP
  • Smart partnership should be encouraged for research and validation of new tools (vaccines and diagnostics) to incorporate them into updated and more cost-effective strategies. The main driver of research in new vaccines should be at least two year protection.

 

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