Pastoralism is the most efficient way of using resources in dryland and marginal areas. Pastoralists are often better off than settled farmers during normal times. They can move their animals to follow the rains or take them to established seasonal grazing areas. But they are often the first victims of prolonged environmental stress, such as drought.

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Afghanistan: a shepherd leading his goats to summer grazing lands
FAO photo by Michael Griffin

More photos in this series:
  • Peru: woman tending sheep while spinning wool
  • Mauritania: traditional herdsmen milking camels at a dairy plant
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