FAO :: Newsroom :: Focus on the issues :: 2004
Focus on the issues, 2004
The latest edition of FAO's The State of Food Insecurity in the World breaks new ground in analyzing the human and economic costs of hunger and the trends and phenomenon that underly it.
Over 40 percent of Earth's surface is farmland, and so biodiversity is just as important in farmer's fields as it is in cloud forests. Indeed, global food security depends on preserving biodiversity, wherever it is found.
Swarms of desert locusts are casting a shadow over the lives of millions of farmers and herders in Northwest Africa and the Sahel. Learn what is at stake for them, their communities and their countries as they face the worst desert locust upsurge in more than 15 years.
Disturbing new evidence suggests that the HIV/AIDS epidemic not only prevents affected households from growing enough food to feed themselves, but is jeopardizing the long-term viability of traditional agriculture itself. FAO is getting promising results as it field tests ways to mitigate the crisis.
Two major barriers to sustainable fisheries are excess fishing capacity and illegal, underreported and unreported fishing (IUU). Recent FAO surveys show that while world fishing capacity appears to have begun to stabilize, more needs to be done to manage it. Meanwhile, the problem of IUU fishing is getting worse.
Can the "Gene Revolution" -- the use of biotechnology in agriculture -- contribute to meeting the challenges of feeding a growing world population?
When world population reaches 8.3 billion in 2030, what will most people be eating? Rice. At least they will be if rice-producing countries address some urgent issues.
Once domestic birds are infected with avian influenza, outbreaks can be difficult to control -- and often mean major economic impacts for affected communities and countries. The disease also presents substantial health risks for humans. Learn more about what avian influenza is and what FAO is doing to help countries currently experiencing bird flu outbreaks.