Agrifood Economics

Price elasticities of major food categories to inform fiscal reform in Costa Rica

Year: 2023
Author(s): FAO

FAO Agricultural Development Economics Policy Brief, No. 65.

In the context of fiscal reform in Costa Rica (value added tax revision), the definition of a new basic tax basket – canasta básica tributaria (CBT), incorporating nutritional criteria – is underway in the country. Measuring price elasticities is essential because it allows: knowing the extent to which food demand reacts to price changes, anticipating changes in the quantities demanded as a result of fiscal policy changes, measuring potential substitution and complementary effects between food groups, and potential nutritional effects of fiscal policies. As a result, it helps to provide recommendations on the content of a CBT with nutritional criteria.

The findings of this brief have been adapted from the FAO Agricultural Development Economics Working Paper 23-04 Fiscal reform in Costa Rica – Price elasticities of major food categories to inform decision-making.
Publication type: Policy brief
Country coverage: Costa Rica
Region: Latin America and the Caribbean
ISSN: 2520-6540 (online) / 2520-6532 (print)