Economía Agroalimentaria

Resilient food systems – A proposed analytical strategy for empirical applications

Background paper for The State of Food and Agriculture 2021. FAO Agricultural Development Economics Working Paper 21-10
Año: 2021
Autor(es): Constas, M.A.; d’Errico, M.; Hoddinott, J.F.; Pietrelli, R.
Editor: FAO

The food systems concept has attracted a considerable amount of attention as it provides an opportunity to better understand and represent the array of factors that explain food security in a comprehensive and holistic manner. The value-added proposition of food systems resilience is that the ability to respond to shocks and stressors may be incorporated into such explanations. The qualities that make food system resilience attractive, however, also make it difficult to model in empirical terms. This paper, by drawing on the literature of food systems and on the measurement of resilience, demonstrates how food systems resilience can be measured at a country level. Clustering countries into regions shows that North America and Oceania have the highest levels of food systems resilience, followed by Europe and North Africa and Western Asia. Food systems resilience is lower in Latin America and the Caribbean and South Asia and sub-Saharan countries exhibited the lowest levels of food systems resilience. In low- and middle-income countries, increasing market resilience plays a significant role in increasing overall food systems resilience.

This working paper has been developed as a background document for The State of Food and Agriculture 2021. Making agrifood systems more resilient to shocks and stresses.

Tipo de documento: Documento de trabajo
Región: Global
ISBN: 978-92-5-135268-7
ISSN: 2521-1838
JEL codes: O12, N47, Q18.