Economía Agroalimentaria

Analysis of food demand and supply across the rural–urban continuum for selected countries in Africa

Background paper for The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2023
Año: 2023
Autor(es): Dolislager, M.J., Holleman, C., Liverpool-Tasie, L.S.O. & Reardon, T.
Editor: FAO

FAO Agricultural Development Economics Working Paper, No. 23-09.

This background paper to The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2023 analyses a key element of agrifood systems transformation: the change of patterns in food supply and demand. Several studies have discussed this topic, but the current one takes an innovative perspective of analysis, considering these changes with a spatial perspective using the urban rural catchment areas (URCA) approach to analyse changes in food expenditure across the rural–urban continuum, using Living Standards Measurement Studies (LSMS) of 11 African countries. The analysis is preceded by a literature review of agrifood value chains transformation stages, drivers and current situation, focused in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and is followed by a macro review of food supply around the world and a “macro-meso” review of the supply of wheat and rice in two African countries. The conclusions shows that most food is purchased in all households across the rural–urban continuum, even in rural areas, breaking with the “myth” of rural subsistence farming in Africa. In addition, the results show a diffusion of the consumption of processed foods, including in a lesser extent highly processed foods, all across the rural–urban continuum, and not only in rural areas. From a food supply perspective, the low global availability of foods that are part of a healthy diet, as fruits, vegetables and legumes, nuts and seeds calls for increasing efforts for producing more nutritious foods in all countries of the world.

Tipo de documento: Documento de trabajo
Región: Africa, Global
ISBN: 978-92-5-138475-6
ISSN: 2521-1838
JEL codes: D12, O18, Q12, R11, R12.