Agroecology Knowledge Hub

Circular and solidarity economy: it reconnects producers and consumers and provides innovative solutions for living within our planetary boundaries while ensuring the social foundation for inclusive and sustainable development

Agroecology seeks to reconnect producers and consumers through a circular and solidarity economy that prioritizes local markets and supports local economic development by creating virtuous cycles. Agroecological approaches promote fair solutions based on local needs, resources and capacities, creating more equitable and sustainable markets. Strengthening short food circuits can increase the incomes of food producers while maintaining a fair price for consumers. These include new innovative markets, alongside more traditional territorial markets, where most smallholders market their products.

Social and institutional innovations play a key role in encouraging agroecological production and consumption. Examples of innovations that help link producers and consumers include participatory guarantee schemes, local producer’s markets, denomination of origin labelling, community supported agriculture and e-commerce schemes. These innovative markets respond to a growing demand from consumers for healthier diets.

Re-designing food systems based on the principles of circular economy can help address the global food waste challenge by making food value chains shorter and more resource-efficient. Currently, one third of all food produced is lost or wasted, failing to contribute to food security and nutrition, while exacerbating pressure on natural resources. The energy used to produce food that is lost or wasted is approximately 10 percent of the world’s total energy consumption, while the food waste footprint is equivalent to 3.5 Gt CO2 of greenhouse gas emissions per year.


Small-scale food producers' organizations and civil society organizations defend agroecology as a way of life of their peoples, in harmony with the language of Nature. It is a paradigm shift in the social, political, productive and economic relations in their territories, to transform the way they produce and consume food and to...
Conference report
Agroecology has been gaining interest in recent years among governments, research and civil society organisations worldwide and many actors present it as a strategic pathway to transition to sustainable food and agriculture systems for achieving food security and nutrition. Following the 1st International Symposium on Agroecology for Food Security and Nutrition,...
Over the past fifty years, the food system has become increasingly globalised and heavily dependent on cheap raw materials, chemical inputs and mechanisation. In short, the global food system is broken increasingly controlled by a handful of multinationals. This film demonstrates how people across Europe are re-organising their food supply...
Video presentación del 8 de setiembre del 2013 en el Curso Internacional Agroecología, Resiliencia y Seguridad Alimentaria. Evento previo al IV Congreso Latinoamericano de Agroecología SOCLA 2013.
Italy’s bio-districts represent clearly defined territories that encompass organic agriculture and food production, promotion of local community initiatives, cultural heritage, and traditional crafts. Bio-districts foster collaboration between farmers, local residents, tourism operators, local authorities, and other cultural and historical institutes and organisations. Italy has 30 bio-districts. Bio-district della Via Amerina e...