生态农业知识中心

文化和饮食传统:通过支持健康、多样化且文化上适宜的膳食,生态农业有助于实现粮食安全和营养,同时维持生态系统的健康

农业和粮食是人类遗产的核心组成部分。因此,文化和饮食传统在社会和人类行为塑造中发挥了核心作用。然而,在许多地方,我们当前的粮食系统导致了饮食习惯与文化的脱节。这种脱节的后果是,虽然这个世界生产的粮食足够养活全部人口,但饥饿却与肥胖并存。世界范围内约有八亿人口长期挨饿,2亿人受到微量营养素缺乏症的影响。同时,肥胖和饮食相关的疾病一直在攀升。有19亿人属于超重或肥胖,非传染性疾病(癌症、心血管病、糖尿病)成为全球第一大死亡原因。要想解决粮食系统中的不平衡并逐步实现零饥饿世界,单单依靠提高生产水平并不够。

生态农业发挥着平衡传统与现代膳食习惯的重要作用,使两者和谐共存,共同促进健康的粮食生产和消费,为实现充足食物权提供支持。通过这种方式,生态农业在人类与粮食之间建立一种健康的关系。

文化特性和归属感往往和景观以及粮食系统密切相关。人类和生态系统是共同演化的,所以文化习俗和本地传统知识能提供宝贵经验,激发生态农业提出解决方案。例如,印度大约有五万种本土水稻品种—这些品种都是经过数百年的培育,有其特定的味道、营养、抗虫害特点以及对多种情况的适应能力。烹饪传统也围绕这些不同的品种形成,利用它们不同的特点。以这些日积月累的传统知识为向导,生态农业能充分发挥土壤的潜力,供养以这片土地上的人们。

Database

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政策简报
2022
El Rancho Ecológico de Vía Orgánica es un modelo educativo de producción agrícola orgánica regenerativa y la vida sostenible. El Rancho es un centro de formación, contacto y colaboración para campesinos, familias y activistas. La visión del Rancho es luchar contra el cambio climático, la degradación ambiental y la pobreza rural...
Mexico
学习
2017
The coronavirus pandemic has exposed the fragility of today’s global food systems, and the risk of a food crisis is higher than ever. Yet the failures of industrial food production have long been clear; manifest in persistent global hunger and malnutrition as well as environmental destruction that is driving the...
论文
2020
This publication aims to provide an overview of actions and initiatives on Agroecology in Europe and Central Asia countries. There is enough evidence that agroecology contributes to more sustainable food systems, in particular to delivering food production while respecting natural resources, ecosystem services and social processes. However, to assure agroecology can...
报告
2020
This video describes an agroecology experiment in a Dakar suburb in Senegal. After taking the agroecology courses, some growers are trying new farming techniques to reduce the use of man-made chemicals and improve crop yields. 
Senegal
视频
2021