Resistencia a los antimicrobianos

Acerca del AMR

¿De qué se trata?
¿De qué se trata?
El rol de la FAO
El rol de la FAO
Quiénes somos
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Sectores clave
Sectores clave

Los medicamentos antimicrobianos desempeñan un papel fundamental en el tratamiento de enfermedades y su uso es fundamental para proteger tanto la salud humana como la animal. Sin embargo, las sustancias antimicrobianas suelen utilizarse indebidamente para tratar y prevenir enfermedades en el sector ganadero, acuícola y en la producción agrícola. Estas acciones suelen estar asociadas con el riesgo potencial de aparición y propagación de microorganismos resistentes a los antimicrobianos.

Datos clave

 En 2019 fallecieron 5 millones de personas en todo el mundo por causas relacionadas con la resistencia bacteriana a los antimicrobianos, incluidos 1,3 millones de personas fallecidas como resultado directo de bacterias resistentes a los antibióticos (The Lancet)

En los animales se utilizan 27 clases diferentes de antimicrobianos

En 2011 el mercado mundial de sanidad animal tenía un valor equivalente a 22 000 millones de USD (OCDE)

118 países han aportado datos cuantitativos sobre el uso de antimicrobianos en animales por uno o más años entre 2015 y 2017, un aumento desde los 89 que presentaron datos en 2015

Publicaciones

The International FAO Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring (InFARM) system - Manual for Implementation 2024

This document introduces the InFARM system, provides the FAO's roadmap for implementation over the coming years, and serves as a guide for country officials, offering a step-by-step approach to support the implementation of InFARM.

The International FAO Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring (InFARM) system

The International FAO Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring (InFARM) system is an FAO flagship initiative, supporting countries in collecting, collating, analysing, visualizing, and effectively utilizing their AMR monitoring and surveillance data primarily from livestock, fisheries, and aquaculture, [...]

Antimicrobial resistance monitoring and surveillance guidelines for food-producing animals and their products in Eastern Africa

This publication is a building block of the Eastern Africa antimicrobial resistance (AMR) surveillance roadmap that was described in April 2019, by AMR experts from Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda. [...]

Noticias

UN Member States can take meaningful steps against antimicrobial resistance, failing to do so will turn back the clock on modern medicine

The UN Member States have a crucial role in the efforts against antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Antimicrobials, which include antibiotics, antivirals, antifungals, antiseptics, and antiparasitic, are vital tools in our defense against pathogens. However, their misuse [...]

Capacity building initiative equips Tanzania's broiler farmers for sustainable practices

FAO has spearheaded an innovative initiative with the aim of reducing the industry's reliance on antimicrobials and enhancing biosecurity measures in Tanzania's broiler farming systems...

ACT/ Success story from Pakistan now published!

The first in a new series of “Success Stories” has been published to promote the work of the FAO-implemented and Republic of Korea-funded Action to support implementation of Codex AMR Texts (ACT) project.

Multimedia

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