Resistencia a los antimicrobianos

Acerca del AMR

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¿De qué se trata?
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El rol de la FAO
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Sectores clave
Sectores clave

Los medicamentos antimicrobianos desempeñan un papel fundamental en el tratamiento de enfermedades y su uso es fundamental para proteger tanto la salud humana como la animal. Sin embargo, las sustancias antimicrobianas suelen utilizarse indebidamente para tratar y prevenir enfermedades en el sector ganadero, acuícola y en la producción agrícola. Estas acciones suelen estar asociadas con el riesgo potencial de aparición y propagación de microorganismos resistentes a los antimicrobianos.

Datos clave

 En 2019 fallecieron 5 millones de personas en todo el mundo por causas relacionadas con la resistencia bacteriana a los antimicrobianos, incluidos 1,3 millones de personas fallecidas como resultado directo de bacterias resistentes a los antibióticos (The Lancet)

En los animales se utilizan 27 clases diferentes de antimicrobianos

En 2011 el mercado mundial de sanidad animal tenía un valor equivalente a 22 000 millones de USD (OCDE)

118 países han aportado datos cuantitativos sobre el uso de antimicrobianos en animales por uno o más años entre 2015 y 2017, un aumento desde los 89 que presentaron datos en 2015

Publicaciones

Tackling antimicrobial use and resistance in food-producing animals. Lessons learned in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

This publication describes the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland’s multisectoral voluntary approach to antibiotic stewardship in food-producing animals, developed as a collaboration between industry and government...

Assessment of antimicrobial resistance risks in six Latin American countries 2019–2021: Integrated regional project in antimicrobial resistance

This report represents a summary of the results obtained from the application of the tool in six Latin American countries, from 2019 to 2021.

The International FAO Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring (InFARM) System and IT platform

One of the key elements to strengthen country capacity for surveillance and monitoring of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and use (AMU) in food and agriculture is to provide a standardized approach to collecting, analyzing, interpreting, and [...]

Noticias

Multi-sectoral collaboration contributed to halving the sale of antibiotics in the UK livestock industry

New FAO report is published in partnership with the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Significant success in tackling antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in food-producing animals can be achieved if the livestock industry takes ownership [...]

Ensuring Food Security and Food Safety through Farmer Field Schools in the poultry sector in Ghana

Ghana's intensive poultry production system is being expanded to meet the growing demand for animal protein from the rapidly expanding population. It also serves as an economic backbone for many medium and small-scale farmers in [...]

AMR Codex Texts (ACT) project to be presented at the global conference in Korea

Codex standards and the AMR Codex Texts project will be presented at the 2nd MFDS Global Conference on AMR, which will take place in Seoul, Korea on 27-28 Sept. 2022...

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