Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission

Responsible stocking and enhancement of inland waters in Asia

Category Inland Capture Fisheries

Stocking through formal stocking programmes is generally recognized as an important tool to compensate for losses in fish productivity and fish species diversity. If the conditions are conducive and the enhancement measures well-designed, such programmes are effective in increasing fisheries yields for food or income. In practice, many enhancements have proved to be ineffective and some have caused demonstrable ecological damage. A major weakness of many stocking programmes in Asia is their failure to evaluate fully the outcomes of the activity in terms of benefits as well as adverse impacts. This document provides guidance on the development of responsible stocking programmes and on how such programmes should be evaluated objectively with the aim of assisting those who are involved in stocking programmes and their management throughout the Asian region.