FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific

Achieving the 2030 Agenda requires enhancing equitable, productive and sustainable natural resource management and utilization, especially given Asia's high population density. Sustaining food and agricultural production to meet expanding demand can be realized only by protecting the integrity and productivity of the natural resource base while managing constraints and risks.

Enhancing equitable, productive and sustainable natural resource management and utilization


  • Reduce the degradation of natural resources and reach a sustainable level of use;
  • Develop a broad based consensus on the use and management of natural resources to reduce the threat of exploitation in the future;
  • Increase water productivity and improve management of groundwater and surface water irrigation systems; and
  • Conserve genetic resources and biodiversity.

Growing appreciation of sustainable use and management of natural resources and their strategic contribution to meeting present and future demand in the region is an encouraging trend. It is essential to build on this in the face of population growth and growing pressure on land, water, fisheries and forests.

The key objectives of this priority area are to reduce natural resource degradation to a sustainable level, increase resource productivity and conserve genetic resources.

The primary tools will be capacity building and technical support, gender mainstreaming, strengthening national capacities, regional collaboration and policy guidance.

Expected results include regional assessment and monitoring, capacity building, improved water management, ecosystem-based regional fishery management and effective participatory approaches to forest and biodiversity protection.