FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific

The aquaculture platform is being developed to act as a means to share knowledge and resources on innovations and  information to enhance efficient and responsible production and improve sector resilience. The platform is also intended to  facilitate access to training and capacity development opportunities across regions.

Aquaculture Regional Technical Platform (AQ-RTP)

The Asia-Pacific context

    Global aquaculture is projected to provide 59 percent of fish for human consumption by 2030. Creating jobs for 20.5 million people in primary sector, aquaculture is a significant aquatic food system, covering the spectrum of marine  and freshwater environments. Aquaculture forms an important part of food security and poverty reduction strategies and human nutrition in some  key countries and regions. 

    Asia has the  longest recorded aquaculture tradition, with highly diversified aquaculture practices, systems and species, providing 89% of global aquaculture production.

    There are a wealth of success stories of resource efficient and environmentally friendly aquaculture systems;  but also lessons to be learned from over-development, unsustainable intensification and weak regulatory policies.

    Key challenges

    Sector level

    • Economic performance, efficiency
    • Overcrowding and overdevelopment
    • Natural resource constraints and degradation
    • Biodiversity loss, invasive species, disease
    • Climate change

    Global challenges

    • Trade barriers
    • Feeding larger populations
    • Greying of aquaculture
    • Urbanization, rapid economic transformation 

    Core issues for future development to address through innovation

    1. Maintain the production with limited resources in environmentally sustainable manner
    2. Further integration with broader agricultural systems and the maintenance of biodiversity and ecosystem integrity
    3. Sustain a predominantly smallholder base, retaining competitiveness and resilience in changing economies
    4. Empower small and medium enterprises to realize the technological advantages of improved aquaculture systems.
    5. Promote greater organizational capacities of small and medium scale farmers, facilitate access to financial services
    6. Capture potential opportunities presented by IT to improve the efficiency of farm management, business and trading of aquaculture products.
    7. Pilot and scale up technology innovations, production system transformation
    8. Ensure aquaculture products are produced safely and contribute to improved nutrition and livelihoods.
    9. Provide an effective and responsible policy and regulatory environment for aquaculture development