Departamento de Agricultura
Sanidad Animal
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Sistemas agrícolas
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Archivo de noticias, 2010

Cartografía del comercio transfronterizo de aves de corral en el sur de Laos

31 de mayo de 2010 – Throughout Southeast Asia there are several major consumption centres where rapidly rising incomes and urbanization–combined with population growth–are driving demand for all meats, especially poultry meat. These demands have stimulated the creation and growth of major poultry production clusters. Sustained regional economic progress has also promoted the development and construction of transportation infrastructures, creating new opportunities for trade and movement between and within countries. These active land-based trade routes or movement corridors link production clusters with consumption centres throughout Southeast Asia, and understanding how poultry commodities are produced, moved and consumed is a central element of comprehensive animal health and disease risks management programmes.

Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Laos) is a land-linked country that borders with Cambodia, China, Myanmar, Thailand, and Viet Nam. Currently, very little is known about formal and informal trade in poultry and poultry products between Laos and its neighbours. Moreover, owing to limited numbers of commercial poultry farms and rising urban populations, poultry and poultry products transactions from production clusters to consumption centres have increased rapidly in the last 3–5 years in Vientiane Capital, Savannakhet, Champasak, Luang Prabang, Pakxé, Luang Namtha, Vang Vieng, Oudomxay and other local towns. It is believed that the rapid regional spread and geographic distribution of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A subtype H5N1 (H5N1 HPAI) and its various clades across these countries might be associated with cross-border poultry trade and movement through motorized vehicles, people and equipments.

Laos has experienced a series of H5N1 HPAI outbreaks since 2004. The latest outbreak was reported to international authorities on 14 May 2010. Although the sources of infection for several outbreaks have not been fully elucidated, it is believed that they most likely originated from incoming poultry from neighbouring countries. The Savannakhet province of Laos has seen substantial increase of cross-border trades and movements within the East-West Economic Corridor (EWEC) of the Great Mekong Sub-region. In order to identify, prioritize–according to disease transmission risks–and map the main poultry commodities, inputs and by-products traded and moved within Savannakhet and across the Kaysone district [bordering Thailand] and the Xepon district [bordering Viet Nam], the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), in collaboration with the Department of Livestock and Fisheries of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry of Laos, held a Workshop on Cross Border Trade for Management of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Risk on 19–20 May 2010 in Savannakhet Province.

The workshop was attended by 33 key stakeholders of the public and private poultry sectors: officials from district and provincial Agriculture and Forestry offices; officials from district trade and market authorities; officials from border check points; as well as various traders and farmers. The outputs of this event are expected to consist of a workshop report, maps detailing cross-border poultry trade, and the value chains of the poultry commodities identified as priorities. All of these efforts are aimed to improve understanding of H5N1 HPAI infection, spread and distribution, as well as to provide timely assistance to Laos in identifying the areas most vulnerable to disease flare-ups in order to implement customized disease control measures and minimize threats to human health. This workshop was financially supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).