This book presents the current state of thought on the common path of sustainable diets and biodiversity and addresses the linkages among agriculture, health, the environment and food industries.
The alarming pace of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation and their negative impact on poverty and health makes a compelling case for re-examining food systems and diets. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop and promote strategies for sustainable diets, emphasizing the positive role of food biodiversity in human nutrition and poverty alleviation.
Sustainable Diets are those diets with low environmental impacts which contribute to food and nutrition security and to healthy life for present and future generations. Sustainable diets are protective and respectful of biodiversity and ecosystems, culturally acceptable, accessible, economically fair and affordable; nutritionally adequate, safe and healthy; while optimizing natural and human resources.
The contents of this book represent the presentations given at the International Scientific Symposium on Biodiversity and Sustainable Diets, organized by FAO and Bioversity International and held at FAO, Rome, from 3 to 5 November 2010.


With the publication of Save and Grow, FAO proposed a new paradigm of intensive crop production, one that is both highly productive and environmentally sustainable.

The Youth and United Nations Global Alliance (YUNGA) would like to thank all the authors, contributors, graphics designers and other individuals and institutions who have supported the development of this guide. All have found the extra time in their busy schedules to write, edit, prepare or review the materials, and many others have kindly allowed the use of their photos or other materials. Special thanks go to the staff at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Secretariat of the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) for the time and effort they dedicated in the preparation of this guide, in particular to Diana Remarche Cerda for drafting the original outline and Alashiya Gordes and Sarah Mc Lusky for reviewing the text. Deep gratitude also extends to Studio Bartoleschi for the endless patience in revising and updating the layout and graphics. All the contributors have a great passion for biodiversity and hope that the guide will inspire young people to learn, better understand the importance of biodiversity and take action in conservation initiatives. In addition, gratitude goes to the YUNGA and CBD Ambassadors for their passion and energy in promoting this guide.

Sustainably managed forests provide essential goods and services and thus play a vital part in sustainable development. Reliable and up-to-date information on the state of forest resources is crucial to support decision-making for investment and policymaking in forestry and sustainable development.

This paper introduces a Special Issue of Forest Ecology and Management that includes a collection of analytical results from the 2015 Global Forest Resources Assessment (FRA 2015) covering 25 years of forest change (1990–2015). FRA 2015 builds on a series of global assessments that began in 1948 and covers change in forest area and type, volume, biomass and carbon stocking, measures of sustainable forest management, biodiversity and conservation, soil and water protective functions, wood product ion and a number of socio-economic variables. It covers 234 countries and territories with an emphasis on forest resource change over a twenty-five year period (1990–2015) and also looks forward to anticipated forest change – both as government targets for forest area and projected change (to 2030) to global production and conservation forest area (to the year 2050).