Biodiversité

Publications

The UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration provides a unique opportunity to transform food, fibre and feed production systems to the needs of the 21st century, and to eradicate poverty, hunger and malnutrition. This report presents the case for why we all must throw our weight behind a global restoration effort. Drawing on the latest scientific evidence, it explains the crucial role played by ecosystems from forests and farmland to rivers and oceans, and charts the losses that result from our poor stewardship of the planet. The UN Decade runs from 2021 through 2030 and is led by the United Nations Environment Programme and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Insect populations are declining globally. Most crops rely on insect pollination, putting food security at risk. Honeybees are important pollinators and have been used widely in 24 public awareness campaigns. This study surveyed countries about the status of their 25 pollinators and programmes for monitoring and management. Responses were received 26 from 273 persons from 108 countries. Apis mellifera was reported by nearly all 27 countries. Many countries (72%) routinely collect honeybee data and populations are 28 stable or increasing (77% of countries). Other pollinators receive less attention, 29 although their populations are dwindling in most (70%) countries. Conservation and 30 protection are more commonly practiced for honeybees. Most threats, such as habitat 31 loss and pesticides, are shared by all pollinators.

At its 130th Session, the Programme Committee “reviewed the draft Action Plan and requested its Chair to organize a Members-led, open, transparent and inclusive informal consultation with a view to reaching consensus on the draft action plan, and requested a revised version of the Action Plan to be submitted to the 166th Session of the Council for its consideration”.

Following the feedback received during the consultation, this document presents the latest version of the action plan for the consideration of the Council.

While insect consumption by humans or entomophagy has been traditionally practiced in various countries over generations and represents a common dietary component of various animal species (birds, fish, mammals), farming of insects for human food and animal feed is relatively recent. Production of this ‘mini-livestock’ brings with it several potential benefits and challenges. The objective of this document is to provide the reader with an overview of the various food safety issues that could be associated with edible insects. The intended audiences of this publication are food safety professionals, policymakers, researchers, insect producers as well as consumers. The regulatory frameworks that govern production, trade and consumption of insects in various regions are discussed. The document ends with elucidating some other major challenges, such as consumer acceptance and scaling up production, that the edible insect industry would need to overcome to have a more global reach.

This list of passport Descriptors for Crop Wild Relatives conserved in situ constitutes the minimum initial list for CWR in situ data exchange. For each descriptor, this tool provides a brief explanation of content, its coding scheme, and a suggested field name. It has been developed taking the Core Descriptors for in situ conservation of CWR v.1 published by Bioversity International in 2013 as the starting point. It also builds on recent experiences conducted by the Secretariat of FAO’s International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) in the context of the development of its Global Information System (GLIS).