气候变化

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Year: 2018

According to the global climate risk index, Viet Nam is one of the ten nations most vulnerable to climate change impacts. Typhoons and other extreme weather events are increasing. Another impact is sea level rise, which is leading to saline intrusion, destroying rice fields and other crops. Women farmers now form the majority of agricultural workers in the province because men are migrating to cities to work. To plan for adaptation in the agriculture sectors, the Vietnamese government is working with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) within a global program known as Integrating Agriculture in National Adaptation Plans (NAP-Ag).

Year: 2017

Throughout history, insects have posed challenges by spreading diseases, damaging crops and affecting environments, causing damage of more than 70 billion dollars a year. With climate change, insects are moving into new areas and authorities must implement strict quarantine measures – even within countries. Initially used to ensure safety of high-value spices, fish and meat, food irradiation is increasingly used also on fresh fruits and vegetables to prevent the spread of invasive insects. And several countries provide irradiated food rations during natural disasters when hygiene and cold storage are disrupted. Food irradiation calls for shining beams of energy, such as X-rays, gamma rays or electron beams, onto food because it destroys bacteria that can cause food poisoning; it neutralizes insect pests in food consignments; it maintains food quality by destroying spoilage organisms or suppressing sprouting; and it protects packaged food from microbial and insect contamination. http://www-naweb.iaea.org/nafa/resour...

Year: 2017

Nepal is one of the countries hardest hit by climate change. Farmers are the worst affected. Poverty and impacts of climate change are pushing people to migrate. In Southern Nepal, FAO supports some 3,000 farmers through 120 farmer field schools, so that families can be reunited and farmers can continue to live on and off their land.

Year: 2017

For millions of people, especially rural family farmers in developing countries, our actions can make the difference between poverty and prosperity, between hunger and food security and nutrition. French Astroanut Thomas Pesquet spent 196 days in the space. Seeing the Earth from above changed his perception on how important is to protect our planet from the impacts of climate change to ensure a future with food security. FAO is driving a global transformation to sustainable agriculture. It is helping farmers and nations set up climate-resilient systems to feed the world, now and in the future. Climate change may be intensifying, but so are FAO’s efforts. FAO is stepping up to the climate challenge.

Year: 2017

In the prevailing context of higher climate variability with the rainy season being no longer predictable, supply of water is extremely important for the farmers. Farmers in Rwanda do not have enough rain for their production due to drought. There is competition for water use between rural and urban area. To reduce the vulnerability of the farmers to water scarcity, four dams were constructed by FAO in Ngoma sector targeting over 200 households. The inflow into the dams is either from the streams that flow into the Yanze River or from rainwater. These small dams are a reliable source of water which allow farmers to produce their vegetables for their own food security but also to generate income through the sale of the surplus produced.