气候变化

Helping countries comply with the Paris Agreement's Enhanced Transparency Framework

The 2015 Paris Agreement (PA) is a landmark agreement where signatory countries committed to taking action to limit the increase of the global average temperature to below 2 degrees Celsius and pursuing efforts to limit it to 1.5°C. The PA's Enhanced Transparency Framework (ETF) for action and support specifies how countries should report on their progress in mitigating and adapting to climate change. Indeed, the ETF is the backbone of the Paris agreement as it builds trust by making climate change-related reporting more "transparent".

What does it mean to be transparent?

What does it mean to be transparent?

In a nutshell, it means that countries regularly:

  • monitor and prepare reports on greenhouse gas emissions;
  • provide information on progress made in implementing and achieving their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs);
  • monitor the impact of their adaptation actions with effective monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems; and
  • provide information on what support they have received, or provided, in terms of adaptation, mitigation, finance, technology and capacity development.

There are three main ways in which FAO works with countries to meet the ETF requirements:

1. Providing support with enhancing national greenhouse gas inventories

Agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU) sectors account for about 23 percent of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. FAO thus works with countries to develop capacity in, and establish sustainable systems for, collecting data and estimating emissions from AFOLU sectors; and reporting these to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Secretariat. It also helps them create more sustainable institutional arrangements; measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) systems; and GHG inventory systems.

> More about emissions from AFOLU

2. Tracking progress in achieving nationally determined contributions (NDCs)

The Paris Agreement requires countries to prepare, communicate and maintain their climate action commitments also known as nationally determined contributions (NDCs). Since about 90 percent of countries’ NDCs refer to the agricultural sectors, FAO provides countries with support in tracking progress made in implementing and achieving their NDCs. As part of this work, it helps countries set baselines and targets and monitor the effects of their policies.

See also:

3. Tracking countries' efforts to adapt to climate change

FAO supports countries' efforts to enhance climate change adaptation monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems. Investing in these M&E systems allows governments to make effective evidence-based decisions; and unlock additional investments for climate change adaptation in the agriculture and land use sectors.

Highlights


The FAO Transparency Team organized an online gathering to celebrate the learnings from the Global CBIT-AFOLU project, reflect on the milestones and achievements of the transparency community, and discuss the future work on enhanced transparency in the agriculture and land use sectors. The event brought together representatives of countries and organizations, and the community of transparency practitioners that collaborated with the project in the last four years.

Find out more here


Action Recommendations on Capacity Building for Transparency and Reporting

The FAO transparency team worked with the UK COP26 Presidency, convened by Wilton Park, to prepare a series of action recommendations on capacity-building for transparency and reporting.

> Read the recommendations
> More recommendations for capacity building from the COP26 Catalyst for Climate Action


Building capacity worldwide to increase transparency in the Agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU) sector

This brochure highlights results and resources from the FAO Global CBIT-AFOLU project in a visually engaging style. It covers the period 2019 to 2021.

> Download the CBIT-AFOLU brochure

See also

> Building global capacity to increase transparency in the forest sector brochure