Cambio climático

Fisheries and aquaculture

Fisheries, aquaculture and post-harvest activities support millions of livelihoods and contribute significantly to food security and economic well-being in coastal zones and beyond. Fish is high in proteins and rich in essential fatty acids, vitamins and minerals, recognized as particularly important in the diets of children and pregnant women. Climate change is affecting the abundance and distribution of fisheries resources and suitability of locations for aquaculture farms around the globe. Aquatic ecosystems such as coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds, and wetlands and the aquatic fauna that they support are being affected by changes in sea temperature, extreme storms, acidification, and sea level rise, in addition to other stressors such as overexploitation or pollution. This will undermine their capacity to sequester ‘blue carbon’ and to provide protection against natural hazards and erosion.

FAO is supporting adaptation to and low-cost mitigation of climate change and disaster risk reduction through regional, national and local institutions in Myanmar, Bangladesh, East Caribbean, Chile, Bengali countries, and Malawi. These countries are in the process of designing suitable adaptation, disaster risk reduction and low-cost mitigation strategies and practical action to address vulnerabilities of the sector. A key element of FAO’s strategy to increase climate change resilience is the ecosystem approach to fisheries and to aquaculture (EAF and EAA).