Changement climatique

Nationally Determined Contributions

The Paris Agreement (Article 4, paragraph 2) requires each Party to prepare, communicate and maintain successive nationally determined contributions (NDCs) that it intends to achieve. 

FAO’s partner countries have publicly pledged to make their NDCs a reality but this requires planning, investment and cooperation between multiple stakeholders from grass roots to government level.

Around 90 percent of the countries’ NDCs refer to the agriculture sectors according to an FAO analysis. FAO has therefore prioritized providing support to countries on NDC implementation and formulation within its Climate Change Strategy.  

FAO has analyzed the shared challenges and needs that many developing countries may experience in implementing their NDCs. The FAO publication, ‘The agricultural sectors in nationally determined contributions (NDCs): Priority areas for international support', identifies interrelated areas of intervention that are applicable to all areas of FAO’s work on climate change. The sequel Turning Nationally Determined Contributions into action outlines the related support FAO has to offer.

Areas of support on the ground

Enhanced Transparency Framework (ETF)

One of the key elements of the Paris Agreement is the ETF, which requires countries to provide national inventory reports of their GHG emissions and information on the progress made in implementing their Nationally Determined Contributions. More...

Research, analysis and tools

FAO develops and disseminates new tools and guidelines to assist countries in analysing the impacts of climate change, planning appropriate responses to these impacts and meeting new national reporting requirements. More...

Capacity development in agriculture

A lack of capacity can prevent many developing countries from scaling up climate action in the agriculture sectors. More...



Mobilizing investment in agriculture

The agriculture sectors continue to receive only a modest share of international climate finance, estimated at around USD 4 billion in 2014. Financing flows need to reflect the importance that developing countries assign to adaptation and agriculture. More...