Climate Smart Agriculture Sourcebook

CSA programme and project monitoring and evaluation

Enabling Frameworks


Brooks, N., Anderson, S., Ayers, J., Burton, I. & Tellam, I. 2011. Tracking adaptation and measuring development. IIED Climate Change Working Paper No. 1.

Brooks, N., Anderson, S., Burton, I., Fisher, S., Rai, N. & Tellam, I. 2013. An operational framework for Tracking, Adaptation and Measuring Development (TAMD). IIED Climate Change Working Paper No. 5.

FAO. 2001. Socio-economic and gender analysis programme. Field Level Handbook.

FAO. 2008. Andhra Pradesh farmer managed groundwater systems: evaluation report

FAO. 2010. The use of monitoring and evaluation in agriculture and rural development projects: findings from a review of implementation completion reports.

FAO. 2011. Measuring resilience: a concept note on the resilience tool. Food security information and decision making concept note. EC-FAO Programme on Linking Information and Decision Making to Improve Food Security.

FAO. 2012a. Incorporating climate change considerations into agricultural investment programmes: a guidance document.

FAO. 2012b. Learning module 2: FAO approaches to capacity development in programmes: processes and tools. FAO Capacity Development.

FAO, CGIAR & CCAFS. 2016. A gender-responsive approach to Climate-Smart Agriculture: evidence and guidance for practitioners

Frankenberger, T., Langworthy, M., Spangler, T. & Nelson, S. 2012. Enhancing resilience to food security shocks. White Paper (DRAFT) May 2012. TANGO International, Inc.

German Technical Cooperation (GTZ). 2009. Climate change information for effective adaptation: a practitioner’s manual.

German International Development Cooperation (GIZ). 2011. Making adaptation count: concepts and options for monitoring and evaluation of climate change adaptation.

Global Donor Platform for Rural Development (GDPRD), FAO & World Bank. 2008. Tracking results in agriculture and rural development in less-than-ideal conditions: a sourcebook of indicators for monitoring and evaluation.

Guijt, I. 1999. Socio-economic methodologies for natural resources research: participatory monitoring and evaluation for natural resource management and research. Chatham, UK, Natural Resources Institute.

Hedger, M., Mitchell, T., Leavy, J., Greeley, M., Downie, A. & Horrocks, L. 2008. Desk review: evaluation of adaptation to climate change from a development perspective. Institute of Development Studies.

Herweg, K., Steiner, K. & Slaats, J. 2012. Sustainable land management impact monitoring module: a sevenstep procedure for SLM-IM

International Finance Corporation (IFC). 2012. Smart lessons: more than just hot air: carbon market access and climate-smart agriculture for smallholder farmers.

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). 2002. Managing for impact in rural development: a guide for project monitoring and evaluation

Lamhauge, N., Lanzi, E. & Agrawala, S. 2011. Monitoring and evaluation for adaptation: lessons from development co-operation agencies. OECD Environment Working Paper No. 38. OECD.

Mayne, J. 2008. Contribution analysis: An approach to exploring cause and effect. ILAC Brief 16. May. 

Patton, M.Q. 2011. Developmental Evaluation. Applying Complexity Concepts to Enhance Innovation and Use. Guilford Press. NY.

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Development Assistance Committee (OECD DAC). 2009. Policy guidance on integrating climate change adaptation into development co-operation. Joint High-Level Meeting of the OECD DAC and the Environmental Policy Committee (EPOC), OECD. 

Patton, M.Q. 2011. Developmental Evaluation. Applying Complexity Concepts to Enhance Innovation and Use. Guilford Press. NY.

PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC). 2012. MRV and data management for CSA mitigation: climate-smart agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa project.

Prowse, M. & Snilstveit, B. 2009. Impact evaluation and interventions to address climate change: a scoping study. International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie).

Rosenstock, T.S., Lamanna, C., Chesterman, S., Bell, P., Arslan, A., Richards, M., Rioux, J., Akinleye, A.O., Champalle, C., Cheng, Z., Corner-Dolloff, C., Dohn, J., English, W., Eyrich, A.S., Girvetz, E.H., Kerr, A., Lizarazo, M., Madalinska, A., McFatridge, S., Morris, K.S., Namoi, N., Poultouchidou, N., Ravina da Silva, M., Rayess, S., Ström, H., Tully, K.L. & Zhou, W. 2016. The scientific basis of climate-smart agriculture: A systematic review protocol. CCAFS Working Paper no. 138. Copenhagen, Denmark: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).

Simpson, B.M., & Burpee, C.G. 2014. Adaptation Under the “New Normal” of Climate Change: the Future of Agricultural Extension and Advisory Services. MEAS Discussion Paper 3. January. USAID.

Twigg, J. 2009. Characteristics of a disaster-resilient community: a guidance note. Version 2. Disaster Risk Reduction Interagency Group.

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). 2010. Synthesis report on efforts undertaken to monitor and evaluate the implementation of adaptation projects, policies and programmes and the costs and effectiveness of completed projects, policies and programmes, and views on lessons learned, good practices, gaps and needs. Note by the secretariat.

Villanueva, P.S. 2010. Learning to ADAPT: monitoring and evaluation approaches in climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction - challenges, gaps and ways forward. Strengthening Climate Resilence (SCR) Discussion Paper No. 9. SRC.

World Bank. 2005. Monitoring and evaluation for World Bank agricultural research and extension projects: a good practice note. Agriculture and Rural Development Discussion Paper No. 20. World Bank, Washington, D.C.

World Bank. 2006. Module 12: scaling up agricultural investments in the bank’s changing internal environment. Agricultural Investment Sourcebook. Washington D.C.

World Bank. 2008. Integrated Silvopastoral Approaches to Ecosystem Management. Implementation completion and results report.