Climate-Smart Agriculture

Europe and Central Asia

Many countries in the region, in particular in Central Asia, are facing land degradation exacerbated by climate change with droughts becoming more frequent and more severe (FAO 2012). FAO is supporting its member countries in the region to limit and halt land degradation and stabilize and increase agricultural production through the adoption of sustainable and climate-smart land management practices.

Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkey and Turkmenistan - A regional project addressing the problems of land degradation and salinization through sustainable land management and climate-smart practices was recently approved by the GEF. The project will assist Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkey and Turkmenistan. Read FAO news article.


In the province of Konya, Turkey, a GEF-funded project on ‘Sustainable Land Management and Climate Friendly Agriculture’ has started. It will support the rehabilitation of degraded soils and the improvement of agricultural productivity through CSA practices, and the introduction of low-carbon technologies.

Kyrgyz Republic

In the Kyrgyz Republic, FAO is carrying out the GEF-funded project ‘Sustainable management of mountainous forest and land resources under climate change conditions’ which promotes climate-smart management practices, that help restore degraded land, increase the carbon sequestration potential of forests, and improve the resilience of forest, pastoral and crop production systems to climate change. Agro-forestry and sustainable forest management (SFM) is widely promoted. The latter profits from the findings and achievements of a completed FAO project on SFM.