Бывший Генеральный директор  Жозе Грациану да Силва
Выступление Генерального директора ФАО Жозе Грациану да Силва
 Необходимо сверять с фактическим выступлением

41st session of FAO's Conference

Let me start by thanking all of you very much for taking part in this 41st FAO Conference. Attendance has been at record levels. During the week, 192 out of our 194 FAO Member Countries have been represented. This is a record number of Member participants in the FAO Conference.

We have also welcomed high-level representatives from many international organizations and regional bodies. I have been particularly happy to see the presence of many people from civil society partners, NGOs and private sector. I would like to think that this high attendance is indicative of the value that you place on FAO. It also reflects the growing realization of the important role that food and agriculture must play in the attainment of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Many of the major issues related to healthy food systems, sustainable agricultural development and responsible environmental stewardship can only be addressed through joint work between countries and relevant partners. Solutions to most of these interconnected challenges also require an institutional capacity to orchestrate inter-sectoral responses drawing on a diverse range of skills.

FAO has the comparative advantage of being a neutral forum convening its Members and engaging its partners in addressing issues with transboundary dimensions as well as furnishing the necessary expertise. In a world in which tensions between nations and ideologies undermine progress towards a better future, you have set aside your differences and over the past ten days you have helped to make FAO more effective in responding to the many demands of our future work.

You have elected Dr Qu Dongyu as my successor as Director-General of FAO and you have approved our Programme of Work and Budget for the 2021 biennium.  Dr Qu, I congratulate you once more on your appointment and let me also express a very warm welcome to you and your team.

I must tell you that Dr Qu has accepted our invitation to join FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, and the WHO in the launching of our SOFI 2019 during the high level political forum in the middle of July in New York. He will also join us, the Heads of the Rome‑based Agencies in the meeting with the Secretary-General to present the proposal for a Food Summit for 2021.

I also welcome the attention given by Members to a strengthing results-based management in our PWB as well as aligning our programmes even furtherto the Sustainable Development Goals.

In my opening remarks at the beginning of the Conference I observed that our Members are constantly asking us to broaden the scope of our activities but have never matched their demands with increased contributions tothe PWB. I do not to dwell further on this matter but simply share the idea with you that it is perhaps part of a much bigger resource allocation problem that has to be addressed if we really want to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.

I am increasingly convinced, for example, that conventional policies aimed at keeping food prices low for consumers are contributing to perpetrate rural poverty and drive internal and external migration, and it is not helping to bring hunger numbers down. It also contributes to unhealthy eating and leads to gross under-investment in sustainable natural resources management. In fact, we need to address the dilemma between cheap ultra-processed food and the more expensive healthy and fresh food, particularly vegetables and fruits.

Governments have to find ways to increase and encourage the consumption of local fresh food, especially to tackle the growing levels of obesity. This could include, for example, taxes on unhealthy food products and more complete and understandable labelling for the consumers. I invite you to consider these issues in your food policy formulations in your own countries.

In my first address to Members back in 2012, I said that I would not be able to do anything unless we did it together. And working together we have transformed and strengthened this Organization in the last few years. I wanted to thank all Members for your support and guidance as well as for your criticisms over the last seven and a half years.

I also wish to express my gratitude to FAO staff for the strength of their commitment to the work of our Organization. I am aware that the prolonged period of reform that started before I took office caused some difficulties for some staff and their families. An example of this was the difficult decision to temporarily close the Commissary that was no longer in line with the purpose for which it was created. 

Today, with pleasure, I would like to announce the re‑opening of the Commissary starting in January 2020 with a new operation model that will guarantee the respect of the agreement between FAO and the Italian authorities. We have finished all the negotiations and have already launched the tender to select a company that will be operating it.

Before concluding, allow me to touch a very personal note. I wish to pay my tribute to former President Luiz Inácio Lula Da Silva. He showed the world by example that with commitment, leadership and a clear strategy, nations can quickly reduce the incidence of hunger and that doing socan also accelerate economic growth and reduce inequality.

Many countries are following the example of the Zero Hunger Programme as we can see in these five side events presented during this Conference. I hope that President Lula will soon be in conditions to help us again to campaign for Zero Hunger. I thank you all for the support and for your attention.