Ecosystem Services & Biodiversity (ESB)

FAO Policy Support site gives access to a wide number of resources on policy and governance. They can be filtered and browsed according to the users’ needs. Please, access the Policy Portal here.

Policy & Awareness

Once  the value of ecosystem services is better understood, and management practices are improved, policy support for ecosystem services and biodiversity needs to be secured.

FAO works on policy briefs, helps stimulate dialogue with stakeholders, facilitates adoption of measures to promote ecosystem services and biodiversity and works to explain how dependent the sustainability of our agriculture, livestock and fisheries are on these systems.

As improved practices are developed, new and novel governance approaches are required. These approaches must recognise the complexity of ecosystems – that they are dynamic, adaptive systems capable of generating multiple benefits.

The challenge

In many instances, the services generated by ecosystems fall into the category of global public goods, requiring appropriate governance structures.  

FAO works to promote policy change through

  • Policy Analysis: Working on policy briefs and reports that aim to help governments to integrate ecosystem services and biodiversity in new policies
  • Dialogue & Partnerships: Fostering dialogue around ecosystem services and biodiversity by leading and participating in multi-stakeholder platforms
  • Awareness: Organising meetings that promote ecosystem services and biodiversity, and stressing their relevance to agricultural development worldwide

Global farming policy and practices urgently require paradigm shift to achieve sustainable food security and a healthy environment.

Farmers, foresters and fishermen should be on the frontline of a transformation in agriculture. FAO should provide the evidence that encourages member nations to safeguard biodiversity and value ecosystem services. This will help to achieve FAO’s goal of sustainable food security.

Sustainable management of soil, water, forests, fisheries and genetic resources will ensure a healthy agriculture sector in the long term.                                             

Production must be aligned with an understanding and recognition of ecosystem services. Policy-makers need to support the building of skills for management of ecosystem services at farm-management level.

Natural inputs into agriculture deliver sustained value and contribute to a bountiful Earth’s infrastructure

Farmers benefit from training and capacity building to harness biological inputs into agriculture, which is knowledge and labour intensive.