Haiti

Haiti

Haiti is the poorest country in Latin America and the Caribbean, where its economic fragility, socio-political tensions and successive shocks – natural disasters, epidemics and population displacements – combined with structural weaknesses limiting access to basic services, have significantly aggravated the population’s chronic vulnerability, with a poverty rate of nearly 60 percent. If timely livelihood assistance is not provided, the food security situation of vulnerable families will further worsen. FAO seeks to strengthen the livelihoods of vulnerable Haitians by helping them to produce food, earn money and become more resilient to future shocks. 

Challenges facing agriculture and food security

Over a decade of recurrent natural disasters in Haiti, the unprecedented socio-political crisis and the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are having detrimental effects on the population. Limited access to agricultural inputs due to the sustained increase in inflation rates and the weaker currency, as well as inundated cropland due to Hurricane Laura (August 2020) have resulted in reduced planting and production. Increased insecurity triggering the displacement of thousands of people, coupled with the effects of the necessary COVID-19 containment measures are also affecting agricultural activities, hampering the movements of agricultural workers and the transportation of goods. These factors are exacerbating humanitarian needs.

According to the latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification analysis, 4.4 million people are in high acute food insecurity (March-June 2021), of whom over 1.1 million are in Emergency, representing 46 percent of the population analysed. Given the situation in the country, these figures are likely to increase, if appropriate action is not taken. It is crucial to restore the productive assets of affected households and diversify their sources of food and income to strengthen livelihoods resilience.

Restoring livelihoods

Under the 2021-2022 Humanitarian Response Plan, FAO seeks USD 45 million to assist 675 000 people in 2021. Priority activities focus on quickly improving food access and availability through the timely provision of agricultural and livestock production inputs, technical support and cash-based transfers, as well as anticipatory actions to reduce the impact of disasters and of the COVID-19 pandemic.

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More about the country

 - Le Gouvernement d’Haïti a officiellement annoncé l’émergence de cas de la maladie animale de la peste porcine africaine (PPA) dans le pays.  La PPA ne se transmet ...read more
01/10/2021
 - Le Ministère de l’agriculture, des ressources naturelles et du développement rural, l’Organisation pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) et l’Union européenne (UE) ont lancé un projet intitulé «Amélioration ...read more
28/09/2021
 - L’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) et la Belgique soutiennent la population haïtienne touchée par le récent tremblement de terre et la tempête tropicale Grace. ...read more
10/09/2021
 - On 14 August, a 7.2 magnitude earthquake hit the southern regions of Haiti, in particular the departments of Grand’Anse, Nippes and Sud. Two days later, Tropical ...read more
10/09/2021
 - As new data from Haiti showed last month's earthquake has damaged agriculture and driven up hunger, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations today ...read more
09/09/2021
 - Haiti is one of the worst food crises in the world with 46 percent of the population projected to be in high acute food security, mainly ...read more
13/07/2021
 - Technical officers from the Tripartite Organizations: the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the World ...read more
06/07/2021
 - Réhabiliter les moyens d’existence et renforcer la sécurité alimentaire des populations vulnérables, contribuant parallèlement à améliorer la capacité des communautés à limiter la propagation de la ...read more
08/06/2021
 - This is the eighth update of the Monitoring Food Security in Countries with Conflict Situations, a twice‑yearly report on acute food insecurity in countries affected by ...read more
21/04/2021