Madagascar is the country most exposed to cyclones in Africa and one of the world’s most vulnerable countries to the effects of climate change. Frequent natural disasters and locust threats negatively impact households’ livelihoods, pushing thousands of people into poverty and hunger. FAO is working to strengthen the resilience of vulnerable households in order to improve their food security and allow them to recover from recurrent crises.

Impact of food security and agricultural livelihoods

Since the start of 2020, Madagascar has faced three major disasters, namely floods affecting regions in the north, the COVID‑19 pandemic and prolonged drought in southern districts. The 2019/20 agricultural season in southern Madagascar was affected by the worst drought in the last decade lasting about two years, with a dramatic decrease in production, adding to several consecutive years of below-average harvests due to recurrent drought since 2014. The humanitarian situation is exacerbated by the adverse socio-economic effects of the COVID‑19 containment measures, leading to the disruption of the market supply chain, and the price increases of basic foodstuffs. Insecurity in parts of the deep south, as well as the resurgence of various crop and animal pests and diseases – a new outbreak of Rift Valley fever and a looming threat of migratory locusts – have also led to worse levels of food insecurity in the region.

These conditions are severely affecting access to food and income for vulnerable populations, who are forced to reduce the quantity, frequency and quality of their meals. The latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis indicates that 42 percent of the population is facing crisis or worse levels of food insecurity, of whom nearly 14 000 in IPC Phase 5. This figure is expected to double reaching a total of 1.31 million people in October–December 2021, if appropriate humanitarian action is not taken.

FAO’s response

For 2021, FAO is requesting USD 40.4 million to restore and safeguard the livelihoods of over 1.1 million people. As 95 percent of the population in southern Madagascar lives on agriculture, livestock and fisheries, providing them with essential inputs, cash-based transfers and technical guidance are key to allow affected people to quickly produce food, generate income and strengthen their resilience. 


More about the country

 - Dans le cadre du projet «Mionjo, soutien aux moyens de subsistance résilients dans le sud de Madagascar», financé par la Banque mondiale pour un montant de more
 - In October 2021, the Director and Deputy Director of FAO’s Office of Emergencies and Resilience undertook a mission to Southern Madagascar where they visited two project more
 - An exceptionally prolonged drought in southern Madagascar most likely due to the effects of climate change compounded by multiple other shocks has led to a hunger more
 - Madagascar is highly prone to natural hazards, including drought, floods, cyclones and locust outbreaks, with significant humanitarian consequences. In the Grand Sud region, three years of more
 - With some of the world's worst food crises in recent years impacting tens of millions of people, there is an urgent need for specifically targeted funding more
 - Madagascar is affected by various factors that strongly impact the population’s food security and livelihoods, as well as the agriculture sector. Production is significantly affected by more
 - With each day that passes, more lives are at stake as hunger tightens its grip in southern Madagascar. This is the stark warning from two United more
 - Southern regions of the Republic of Madagascar are currently facing a severe food insecurity and malnutrition crisis due to multiple shocks such as drought, sandstorms, plant more
 - La sècheresse prolongée, l’apparition fréquente du phénomène de tempête de sable, et les attaques d’ennemis de cultures, dont les chenilles légionnaires sont, entre autres, les situations more