Somalia

Somalia

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the Desert Locust crisis in the Horn of AfricaPoor rains and extended drought over multiple seasons have had a major impact on rural livelihoods and food security in Somalia, pushing the country to the brink of famine, just five years after the crisis of 2011 that claimed the lives of over a quarter of a million people.

Over half of the country’s population -- 6.7 million people –are now acutely food insecure (IPC 2,3 and 4). That is up from 6.2 million in February. Of these, 3.2 million are coping with severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3 and 4). Food insecurity is particularly intense in rural areas: 68 percent (2.2 million) of all people in IPC 3 & 4 are rural farmers and pastoralists; 9 out of 10 people at greatest risk – IPC 4, the brink of famine –-are rural.

The April rains that each year support Somalia’s main Gu growing season and rejuvenate pastoral lands have now started – but they started late and rainfall has been below average in many places. Meanwhile, displacement, disease and compounding needs are causing food security to further deteriorate. The situation is dire. The risk of famine persists.

large-scale humanitarian surge has managed to hold the line so far through a combination of interventions but needs are growing. Livelihoods are people’s best defense against famine in rural areas. FAO is helping the most at-risk rural families meet their immediate food requirements through cash transfers while giving them the means to continue farming, raising their animals, and producing the food they need to survive the crisis.

These interventions also help mitigate displacement pressures, reduce the overall humanitarian burden, and lay the groundwork for future recovery.

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More about the country

 - This Data in Emergencies Monitoring (DIEM-Monitoring) brief shares the results of a field assessment conducted between 23 July and 17 August 2021 in Somalia. It presents ...read more
17/01/2022
 - The Horn of Africa is facing the third severe La Niña‑induced drought episode in a decade, and the region is on the verge of a catastrophe ...read more
17/01/2022
 - The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations’ (FAO) cash+ agriculture emergency programme, funded through the generous contribution of Sweden, is supporting farming households to ...read more
07/01/2022
 - FAO’s desert locust response programme is supporting rural farming households to address acute food insecurity in rural areas while contributing to mitigate further displacement Forty-three-year-old Hibo Hussein ...read more
06/01/2022
 - The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) project, entitled “Emergency livelihood support for drought-affected rural populations”, aimed to provide 6 200 drought-affected rural ...read more
21/12/2021
 - The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) project, entitled “Emergency livelihood support for drought-affected rural populations”, aimed to provide 6 200 drought-affected rural ...read more
21/12/2021
 - The Global Network against Food Crises Partnership Programme is a EUR 70 million project signed between the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) ...read more
17/12/2021
 - The Centre will provide valuable data to help inform policy, programmes and development in the country. On 6 December 2021, the European Union (EU) and the Food ...read more
07/12/2021
 - Sureedo lives on her farm in Qoordumey village, Dolow, Somalia. She grows fruits and vegetables with her family and was among the 2 500 rural farming ...read more
01/12/2021
 - The Food and Nutrition Security Resilience Programme (FNS-REPRO) is the first programme of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Eastern Africa ...read more
26/11/2021