FAO emergencies and resilience


©FAO/Ismail Taxta - Arete
SOM Hero

15.7 million
country population

6.7 million people
projected to be in high acute food insecurity

1.8 million children
expected to face acute malnutrition

1 million people
displaced due to drought

Somalia continues to face one of the world’s most severe humanitarian crisis. Historic drought, skyrocketing food prices and protracted conflict have rapidly deteriorated the food security, nutrition and livelihoods of millions of people across the country. Following four consecutive failed rainy seasons, the impacts of these combined shocks coupled with mass displacement and severe economic decline have placed parts of the population at the immediate risk of famine.

According to the latest food security and nutrition analysis, the risk of famine is projected in two areas in the Bay region (Baidoa and Burhakaba districts) in South Central Somalia. Without an adequate amount of food, people there could face starvation and critical levels of malnutrition. Vulnerable rural populations, pregnant and lactating women, and children under the age of five are at most risk of enduring the consequences when people fail to act.

Without urgently scaling up humanitarian assistance now, the lives of people bearing the burden of the global climate emergency will hang in a frail balance as they face a likely fifth consecutive below-average rainy season. FAO is providing cash+ and other vital emergency livelihood support to increase people’s access to food and water, ensure livestock health and help address other immediate needs, facilitating a pathway to resilience and long‑term recovery.

In 2023, FAO will require $1.9 billion to reach 48 million people with life-saving and livelihood assistance

Acute food insecurity soars driven by conflicts, extreme weather events, rising food prices

Norway contributes $9.6 million of flexible funding to boost FAO’s response to most severe crises and emergencies

The funds will enable FAO to maximize speed, efficiency and outreach when addressing food security threats and crises

Agricultural aid: a game changer in tackling hunger crises

FAO Director-General calls for increased investments in agriculture and resilient agrifood systems to prevent famine in the run-up to the World Food Day

Key documents

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP) warn that acute food insecurity is likely to deteriorate further in 19 countries or situations – called hunger hotspots – during the outlook period from October 2022 to January 2023.


The Horn of Africa is facing the third severe La Niña‑induced drought episode in a decade, and the region is on the verge of a catastrophe if humanitarian assistance is not urgently scaled up and sustained.


Monitoring report – November 2021 This report shares an analysis of the effects of natural and man-made shocks in Somalia’s the agri-food system. It analyses the results of a field assessment conducted in August 2021.

The added value of the Data in Emergencies information system

In recognition of the need to better understand the impact of shocks on agricultural livelihoods in food crisis contexts, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has established the Data in Emergencies information system.

Helping drought-affected people protect their livelihood in Somalia

Rural communities in Somalia are hit hard by the severe drought the country is facing. This is causing them irreversible losses and threatening both their lives and livelihood

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