Accueil  > Crisis > Crise du Sahel > FAO et la crise du Sahel

L’app de la FAO in situations d’urgence

Téléchargez immédiatement!

Connectez-vous

Sahel crisis

The Sahel crisis

Despite continuous efforts of governments and partners to address food insecurity and malnutrition in the Sahel, an estimated 29.2 million people were food insecure, including 9.4 million suffering from severe food insecurity who are likely to experience extreme food deficits (Phase 3 of the Cadre harmonisé).

In a context of chronic poverty and high population growth, insecurity and climatic hazards remained the key drivers of growing humanitarian needs. Repeated shocks, including droughts and floods, have led to the disruption of the livelihoods of the most vulnerable.

Unprecedented levels of population displacements due to insecurity across the region, especially in the Lake Chad basin (Cameroon, Chad, the Niger and Nigeria) and Mali, as well as in neighbouring countries (the Central African Republic and the Sudan) exacerbated the challenges faced by vulnerable populations. As a result of Boko Haram-related violence, more than 6 million people were food insecure in the Lake Chad basin. Displaced people were deprived of their livelihoods and often rely on the limited food reserves and resources of their host communities. In order to meet their most urgent needs, they turned to survival strategies, such as contracting debts and reducing the number of daily meals. Most of them lost their productive assets and faced with very limited livelihood options.

The priority was to ensure that farmers were provided with time-critical inputs including seeds and fertilizers for the off-season vegetable production, as well as for irrigated crops focused on the production of cereals, pulses and tuber. In addition, the provision of veterinary care and animal feed was crucial to prevent animal losses.

FAO also aimed to address the underlying causes of vulnerability to enhance the resilience of populations in the region, with activities such as the production of varieties of seeds adapted to climate change, or the rehabilitation of degraded land. Support to food security analysis and early warning was also crucial to help countries and communities prepare for risks and future shocks, and improve the resilience of food and agricultural systems in the Sahel.

Rubriques connexes

Aucun résultat trouvé.
 - À la suite de l’alerte lancée par l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) et le Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM) en octobre-novembre 2011 face ...en lire plus
26/07/2012
 - L'essential: Installation globalement normale de la campagne agricole au Sahel Augmentation de la présence acridienne au Mali et au Niger Situation alimentaire toujours très difficile au Nord du Mali Marchés ...en lire plus
13/07/2012
 - Une crise alimentaire est en train de balayer le Sahel. L'irrégularité des pluies, les prix élevés des denrées alimentaires, le déplacement et la pauvreté chronique ont ...en lire plus
22/06/2012
 - L'essentiel: Préparation de la campagne agricole 2012-2013 : faible réponse des bailleurs au secteur agricole et aux appels humanitaires lancés dans la région. Crise sociopolitique au Mali : ...en lire plus
31/05/2012
 - Pour attaquer les causes de la malnutrition infantile et maternelle, les quatre agences des Nations Unies suivantes : FAO, PAM, UNFPA et UNICEF soutiennent le Gouvernement ...en lire plus
30/05/2012
 - Le partenariat de la FAO et du PAM : réponse humanitaire et renforcement de la résilience des populations vulnérables. La FAO et le PAM travaillent ensemble ...en lire plus
28/05/2012
 - Plus de 17 millions de personnes menacées de famine - En visite dans l'Ouest du Tchad, particulièrement frappée par la sécheresse, la star du football espagnol, ...en lire plus
24/05/2012
 - Il y a risque de perdre une occasion d’aider - Le Directeur général de la FAO, José Graziano da Silva, s'alarme d'un déficit important de financement pour ...en lire plus
10/05/2012
 - Les pays d'Afrique de l'Ouest et du Sahel song régulièrement affectés par des crises qui fragilisent les moyens d'existence et la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle des ...en lire plus
01/05/2012
1 2 3 4 5 6 7