Sénégal (le)

Sénégal (le)

In the past

The Sahel Crisis has led to a decline in agropastoral production that has put over 739 000 people at risk of food insecurity. FAO is working with the Government of Senegal to strengthen the livelihoods of the rural population by improving their means of production. The decline in agricultural production and pasture availability in the central, southern and south-eastern regions of the country are likely to continue deteriorating the food and nutrition security situation. FAO is distributing good quality seeds, minerals and vitamins complements and dewormers for livestock and strengthening market linkages to ensure food access and availability.

Strengthening agriculture in response to the crisis

The agriculture sector, also including livestock, forestry and fisheries, is the main source of employment and revenue for about 60 percent of the population. Irregular rainfall, declining soil fertility and relatively low levels of investment in the agriculture sector have led to a decline in production. FAO is distributing rice, millet, maize, cowpeas and watermelon seeds, as well as fertilizer to vulnerable farmers in an effort to increase their production capacity and diversify the food available. FAO is also investing in agriculture by providing important tools for production and processing and supplying good quality seeds to be stored in stocks. Disparities in agricultural production are localized across the country, and FAO focuses its response in the worst affected areas, particularly in the regions of Diourbel, Kaffrine, Kédougou, Kolda, Saint Louis, Sédhiou, Louga, Matam, Tambacounda and Ziguinchor, including the pastoral zones for livestock interventions.

Strengthening resilience through training

Losses in agricultural production have meant that more families are becoming dependant on markets for a greater share of their food needs. FAO is improving the production capacity of households so that they can become less dependent on markets. FAO trains rural communities on better agricultural production practices including fertilizer use, soil fertility and irrigation. By not only providing seeds but training these communities on good vegetable production techniques, FAO is ensuring that they become more resilient to future crises. FAO also introduced the Integrated Management of Production and Predators approach (GIDP) with the use of organic products made by women’s associations.

Supporting the National Early Warning System

Timely and accurate information on the nature and causes of food insecurity and malnutrition are vital to formulate and implement policies and programmes that respond well to crises. FAO participates in the permanent monitoring of food security and nutrition conditions, and is also strengthening the Cadre Harmonisé. Beyond emergency operations, interventions in the medium and longer-term that seek to reverse the cycle of food shortages and crises in Senegal, are also being implemented by FAO.

Controlling transboundary animal diseases

FAO animal health is building capacity to prevent, detect and respond to disease threats. Activities are implemented by FAO’s Emergency Centre for Transboundary Animal Diseases (ECTAD) in Senegal and 34 other countries. Many communities rely on animals for their livelihoods as well as their food security and nutrition. When diseases jump from animals to humans they can spread around the world in a matter of hours or days, posing a threat to global health security. FAO is working to reduce the impact of animal diseases on lives and livelihoods, and helping to stop emergence and spread of potential pandemics at source.

 

Plus sur le pays

 - L’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) et la Belgique soutiennent les populations en Mauritanie et au Sénégal, afin de leur permettre de faire ...en lire plus
17/08/2021
 - Le Sahel subit depuis plusieurs décennies d’importantes modifications des conditions environnementales provoquées par les effets combinés du changement climatique et des activités agricoles. En 2020, la ...en lire plus
15/07/2021
 - To improve the food security and nutrition of pastoralists affected by the pastoral crises in Senegal.
01/07/2021
 - The impact of a desert locust invasion may cause nearly 13.4 million people to suffer from acute levels of food insecurity in the targeted countries. This ...en lire plus
25/02/2021
 - Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a major global threat of increasing concern to human, animal, plant and environmental health. It has implications for food safety, food security ...en lire plus
03/12/2020
 - The Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It ...en lire plus
21/01/2020
 -  Despite overall satisfactory agricultural production, ongoing civil insecurity in the region remains the main driver of food insecurity in the Sahel, with worsening levels of food ...en lire plus
13/12/2019
 - Voir les différences entre les deux analyses en déplaçant le curseur. Situation alimentaire et nutritionnelle projetée au Sahel et en Afrique de l'Ouest: pour la période juin-août ...en lire plus
02/12/2019
 - Situation alimentaire et nutritionnelle au Sahel et en Afrique de l'Ouest. L’analyse du Cadre Harmonisé couvre 18 pays du Sahel et de l’Afrique de l’Ouest: Bénin, ...en lire plus
02/12/2019
 - The Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It ...en lire plus
18/10/2019