The FAO Component of the Consolidated Appeals 2011: Chad

The FAO Component of the Consolidated Appeals 2011: Chad
Nov 2010

Following the signing of a peace agreement between the Governments of Chad and of the Sudan, and a series of reciprocal presidential visits, there has been a considerable reduction in security incidents and stabilization of the humanitarian situation in Chad.

The long-running conflict has increased the vulnerability of the local populations and the number of IDPs and refugees who need protection and assistance. The limited access to basic social services and the scarcity of natural resources, including water and access to land, have considerably hindered the return and reintegration of displaced people into their communities.

The food and nutrition crisis caused by the 2009 drought affected the Sahelian belt and some parts of eastern and southern Chad. The situation was exacerbated by flooding, which impacted on 200 000 people, and by epidemics, including cholera and meningitis. The number of vulnerable people in need of assistance has therefore grown from 0.5 million in 2009 to more than 2.5 million in 2010.

Challenges facing food security and livelihoods

In most agricultural areas of Chad, the 2010-2011 crops are generally performing well. However, the limited availability of inputs, local flooding and high levels of debt among poor households compromise the food security of vulnerable groups. Low soil fertility and access to food as well as high rates of animal mortality have all contributed to a lack of dietary diversity and food availability.

Malnutrition remains a key concern in the Sahelian belt, where the rate of acute malnutrition has been above acceptable thresholds for many years. Assessments carried out from May to August 2010 reported rates of global acute malnutrition in the Sahelian regions ranging from 15 to 28 percent. Furthermore, many households are not receiving support in a timely manner due to inadequate funding and a weak humanitarian presence in the affected areas.

With the greater stabilization of the border region between the Sudan and Chad, return and resettlement are likely to increase sharply during the coming year. In order to improve the food security status of IDPs, many issues need to be addressed, including the lack of storage and transport facilities for food as well as low incomes.

FAO response

FAO’s efforts will focus on increasing food production and strengthening the income of vulnerable households, as well as diversifying their diet. FAO will also prioritize refugees and IDPs to enable them to return to their communities and to facilitate their integration. This will involve the construction of storage facilities, distribution of small-scale agroprocessing equipment and training on warehouse management.

By providing agricultural and vegetable gardening inputs, beneficiaries will be able to produce a significant portion of their food, thus reducing their vulnerability and enabling them to increase their income through the marketing of production surpluses and the creation of income-generating activities.

FAO will also ensure the availability of timely, relevant and accurate information to improve humanitarian response and better collaboration among partners in order to avoid the duplication of activities.