Agriculture and Livelihood Flood Impact Assessment in Myanmar

Agriculture and Livelihood Flood Impact Assessment in Myanmar
Oct 2015

In October 2015, the Food Security Sector in Myanmar co-led by the Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Food Programme released an Agriculture and Livelihood Flood Impact Assessment Report. The assessment was jointly led by the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries & Rural Development, FAO and WFP under the framework of the Food Security Sector with the partnership of UN women, World Vision, CESVI, CARE, JICA and LIFT.

Key findings are 

  • Monsoon paddy rice is the crop most affected in terms of losses and damage (89% of the overall proportion of crops damaged by the floods). Although replanting was conducted in some regions/states the expected yield will be lower due to the delay of the sowing and the impossibility of using good agricultural practices. This important staple crop was the most affected, with an expected reduction in production of up to 30 percent in damaged paddy fields, compared to the same time last year.
  • More than 240 000 livestock including cattle, pigs, goats and poultry have been lost among the six regions/states assessed. Rakhine and Sagaing are the most affected State/Region. Loss of poultry especially affected women as they are the one in charge of these animals.
  • The impact on household economy lead to the use non sustainable coping mechanisms: affected population reports increases use of livelihoods and food based coping mechanisms (compared to normal) to compensate food access difficulties, especially in worse hit areas (Chin, Rakhine) where relief food support will be needed until harvests.
  • The report also highlights that markets are globally functioning which supports programmatic decisions of cash transfers (where prices/availability is reasonable) as well as the possibility for cash for work programmes types for agriculture livelihoods recovery (small scale irrigation repairs, land rehabilitation...). Rehabilitation of infrastructures such as irrigation schemes has been identified as a priority by affected population assessed.